Featured Posts
print this page
Latest Posts
Showing posts with label indian astrology. Show all posts
Showing posts with label indian astrology. Show all posts

September 26, 2017

Feng Shui and I-Ching in Chinese Astrology is so famous, Why?

Feng Shui and I-Ching in Chinese Astrology is so famous, Why?

Feng Shui is the ancient Chinese technique of creating harmony with one’s surroundings or nature. It’s an art of arranging the surroundings and improving the positive influence of the Earth/Nature. The word Feng Shui literally means Wind & Water which are the two fundamental elements of life. Feng Shui deals with the energy or feel of a place that can be positive/good or negative/bad. The Chinese refer this energy as Chi and a positive Chi flow is essential for a happy and prosperous living. Negative Chi is inauspicious and the art of Feng Shui offers cures that improve the surrounding to bring a more positive flow of energy.

Feng Shui & Astrology
Every individual on Earth is being influenced by Astrology and Feng Shui forces. While Astrology deals with the positions of celestial bodies and their influence, Fend Shui deals with the benefic and malefic influences of Earth itself. For a person in inactive or stable condition, Feng Shui influence will be steady while the astrological influences keep on fluctuating. But when the person moves or travels, changes will occur on Feng Shui forces too. Hence there are some areas where these two sciences come together.

Feng Shui in architecture
Feng Shui is mainly applied in architecture; in the designing of houses, office space, factory and even cities. This traditional Chinese technique can greatly assist you in making your dream home a very favorable and healthy adobe. Feng Shui can guide you in choosing the appropriate land, in arranging the furniture and interiors and in setting up the garden, thereby assuring the surroundings to be in harmony with you. For analyzing the influences of heavenly bodies and Earth and to ascertain their balance, time and direction need to be known which are calculated using calendar and compass respectively.
When a home is being built or a family moves to a new house, certain factors need to be considered for ensuring the positive Feng Shui. These include locations of the living room, kitchen, bedroom, study room, dining room, bathroom etc. In order to identify the favourable directions and orientations, the Feng Shui consultant considers the client horoscope too. The Feng Shui for the whole household is planned according to the horoscope of the head of the family. The consultant makes calculations on the basis of the date of birth of the family head and uses the Lo P'an or grid plate instrument to establish the balance between astrological and Feng Shui forces. Thus he allocates the functions of each room.
The compass school of Feng Shui finds applications outside the stream of architecture too, which include finding the right direction for starting a journey and finding the favourable days and auspicious times. 
Pa-Kua Number
This is very important in the calculation of Feng Shui and is evaluated for a person, using his Date of birth in the Lunar Calendar. Besides Feng Shui, the Kua Number is also used for determining compatibility between partners, spouses and children. The number varies for men and women as it rotates clockwise for men and anti-clockwise for women.

Kua Number Calculation
 For Females:
-Add the last two digits of the year of birth and bring it to a single digit number.
-Add 5 to this single digit number if the person is born before the year 2000. For those born after 2000, add 6 to the single digit number.
-Bring the resulting number to single digit again, if needed.
-This is the Kua Number of the person!

Eg: Kua number calculation for a female born in 1998.
Adding the last two digits of the year : 9 + 8 = 17
Reducing it to a single digit number : 1 + 7 = 8
Adding 5 to the single digit number : 5 + 8 = 13
Reducing it to single digit : 1 + 3 = 4

So, the Kua number of a female born in 1998 is 4.
 For Males:
-Add the last two digits of the year of birth and bring it to a single digit number.
-Deduct this single digit number from 10 for those born before 2000. For those born after 2000, deduct the single digit number from 9.
-This is the Kua Number of the person

N.B. For a male born in 2009 and 2018, the Kua Number will be 9.

Eg: Kua number calculation for a male born in 1965.

Adding the last two digits of the year : 6 + 5 = 11
Reducing it to a single digit number : 1 + 1 = 2
Deducting this single digit number from 10 : 10 - 2 = 8

So, the Kua number of a male born in 1965 is 8.
Lo Shu Grid
The Lo Shu Grid or Magic Square forms the basis of Chinese architectural planning. It contains nine squares each filled with a number from 1 to 9, symbolizing the natural order of the universe. The numbers of the square will add up to 15 irrespective of the way in which they are tallied. 

Lo Shu Grid

Finding the Lo Shu numbers is the next step after finding the Kua number and it helps to arrange or position the room or house to create a good Feng Shui. The interaction of numbers in the grid gives rise to auspicious or inauspicious energy which is very important to identify in Feng Shui practice. In this approach, each number from 1 to 9 is assigned with specific features or qualities as mentioned below.

Number 1
It is associated with  Communication. It relates how an individual reacts and communicates with others.

Number 2
It is associated with Sensitivity & Intuitive Power. It relates how sensitive and intuitive an individual is.

Number 3
It is associated with Planning & Imagination. It relates the intellectual capacity of an individual, memory and the ability to think clearly and logically.

Number 4
Associated with Discipline & Organisability. It signifies the individual’s neatness, practicality and hardworking nature too.

Number 5
Associated with Mental & Emotional Balance of the individual. It signifies the emotional stability and freedom too.

Number 6
It is associated with Home and Family. It suggests that the individual can be helpful to people and friends. But, these individuals are insecure for their home and family, particularly for their children.

Number 7
It relates to Sacrifice & Disappointments. These individuals learn from their losses or disappointments of four kinds - Love, Emotions, Health and Finance.

Number 8
Signifies Discipline & Organisability. It relates to the attention to detail.

Number 9
It is associated with Humanitarianism. It relates to the qualities of idealism, valour and ambition.
As per the Chinese Astrology, I Ching is based on 8 trigrams related to Lo Shu Magic Square. These Trigrams are made of a combination of broken and unbroken lines and each of them carries specific meanings. 


When two Trigrams are formed together (i.e. 6 lines) they create a Hexagram of specific meaning. Thus, there are 64  Hexagrams formed by the combinations of Trigrams. The way this science works is with 3 coins with a head as an unbroken line and tail as a broken line tossed 6 times and based on their formation one of the 64 Trigrams is formed.

The Trigrams symbolize and represent a Trinity of world principles, i.e. Subject (man), in the middle place, the Object having the form (Earth), which is in the lowest place and the Content (Heaven) in the top place.

August 16, 2017

Significance of Numerology

Significance of Numerology

The significance of numbers in a person’s life or on a place or thing is what Numerology deals with. It is the stream of study that reveals or decodes the information numbers provide about a person. The Numerology based Name recommendation is based on this significance of numbers to the alphabets or the letters in a person’s name. 

Among the various systems of Numerology, the Chaldean or Mystic Numerology and the Pythagorean or the Modern numerology are the two widely used systems. The Pythagorean system is easier and is commonly used. The Chaldean system, though difficult to master, is believed to be more accurate. Though distinct in their own tracks, both these systems agree in certain things such as the necessity of the compatibility of a person’s name with his/her date of birth.

Get FREE Numerology Report 

Chaldean and Pythagorean Systems
The name chosen by using Chaldean System gives a more metaphysical flavor to the destiny interwoven into the person's character. Irrespective of the Pythagorean system, on analyzing the name of a person, the Chaldean system uses the most common name or the name by which the person is usually known. The Pythagorean system only uses the original name. The basic assumption of Chaldean Numerology is that every letter has a unique vibration. In this system, numbers are assigned to letters based on the vibration value. While, in the Pythagorean Numerology, numbers are assigned by sequence. 

History of Chaldean System
Chaldean System of Numerology was originated in Chaldea – a civilization existed between late 10th or early 9th and mid-6th century BC. The Chaldean who resided in the southern part of Babylonia have made a wide range of contributions to various science fields, especially to Astrology and Numerology. This system of Numerology is related to the Vedic System of India and the Kabbalah System of the Hebrew mystics.

Chaldean Number Values
In Chaldean Number system, just the numbers 1 to 8 are taken into account as the number 9 is considered to be sacred and is held apart from the rest. This system takes the commonly known name of the person into the analysis. It also considers the date of birth of the person.

The Chaldean System, in addition to the assessment of the single number, also takes into account the compound or double numbers. It lets you get familiar with the Compound number which represents the deeper and hidden metaphysical influences behind a name. The single number simply represents the physical, outward appearance of a person's name. 

July 03, 2017

Significance of Choosing Baby Names

Significance of Choosing Baby Names

You would be having some ideas or views regarding the naming of your child. Indeed, most of the parents consider a few criteria in choosing the baby name, making the process a long and difficult one. Uniqueness of name, relevance to the names of father, mother or siblings and their dreams about the child are some of the notions most parents consider. Nowadays, finding the baby name has almost turned out to be a year-long process. Astro-Vision NameFinder software can simplify your task of finding the apt baby name. The software will provide you with a lot of meaningful baby names that satisfy the various conditions or ideas you consider. Before using NameFinder, you can skim through some general tips on choosing baby names.

Life-long compatibility
The name you give to your child will become his/her life-long companion and his/her identity in this world.  In the day to day connections, he/she should feel it as a gift from his/her father and mother. We recommend that the name must be of filial reality and never be the one suggesting your parental hopes or desires which in turn would become an unnecessary burden for your child.

Having a unique name is sure to make your child happy. Most of the parents go with this trend of bringing some exclusiveness or uniqueness in their child’s name. In this case, to make the idea effective, you should have a clear understanding of the meaning of the name you choose. Otherwise, it’s possible that your child may feel it as a flaw in his/her personality or he/she become a target for others to make fun of.

It is important that the name you choose for your child should have a clarity in hearing and reading. Having an odd or fuzzy name may make your child worry at some point of his/her life. So, make sure that the name you choose is an easily understandable one.

Not so long or complex 
Various communities follow their own distinct style of naming. People like to add the name of parents, family or even the community to their child’s name. Anyway, it will be better to find a name which is not so long or complex. Other people shouldn't find it as difficult to address, pronounce or to write.

Starting letter/alphabet
Nowadays, a trend can be seen among the parents to choose a baby name starting with the first alphabets like A or B. This is based on the belief that the name coming on top of the lists could benefit on certain occasions. The thought is irrelevant, as on certain cases like attending an interview, being on top of a list may make your child less fortunate too. There is also a trend that the parents choose a baby name that starts with the first letter of the father’s or mother’s name.

The most important thing to be considered while naming your child is the ‘meaning’. Always look for a meaningful name for your child. Whatever name you choose, be aware of the exact meaning of the name. If it has a funny or strange meaning, it may make your child feel ashamed and even affect his/her personality.

Fitting to the surname/initials
Consider the initials or surname you use while naming your baby. The recurring of the same alphabet in the beginning or end of the name or in the end of the name and beginning of the surname may cause some confusions and the name may get wrongly pronounced.

Since the name is the very first sign of personality, having a common name will make it difficult for your child to get identified with the place he/she studies or works. If there are other people with the same name, it would end up in being known by some nickname. So, if you haven’t found a unique name or, for some reason, you have chosen a common name, try to bring in some individuality to the name. Nowadays, a person with a common name will find it difficult to get a desired e-mail id or username.

Suggesting personality
Parents can’t exactly predict what kind of a persona a child will exhibit as a grown up person. Also, we are familiar with people who have personalities contradicting the meaning of their names. Nevertheless, it’s a fact that a name can leave first impressions that would last for some time. So, if you wish, you can find a baby name that would create a particular impact or impression.

Astro-Vision Name Finder 
The name is the most important identity of a person. It is by name, a person is identified in his/her family, neighbourhood, profession and in all groups and societies. The choice and styles of naming vary in different communities and societies. Mostly, people choose the names that have some meaning. Devout parents opt baby names on religious grounds. The names of Gods, Goddesses or Legends are common in our society. 

Naming a baby is an art by itself. In most of the countries, people use to have two names. A family name or a surname, which is common to all members of a family, and one’s own name by which the individual is identified from other family members. Nowadays, parents prefer unique and fanciful names for their children. In today’s fast changing world, finding a name for your baby as per your preferences and latest trends is a tough task. Clickastro, with the NameFinder software, can help you in this matter.

NameFinder Software helps you select a baby name satisfying your needs and preferences. You will be provided with a vast number of name options with their meanings, on all searches you make. You can search name based on sex, religion,etc. and by setting your various preferences. The most important virtue of NameFinder Engine is that it lets you find names with astrological or numerological significances and those starting or ending with your preferred alphabet. You can choose your preferred criteria here and see the list of meaningful names apt for your baby.

December 23, 2016

The astrology of Christmas

The astrology of Christmas

The annual festival of Christmas, observed commonly on December 25, is a commemoration of the birth of Jesus Christ. The Christmas day is a holiday in most of the nations and is observed as a religious and cultural event. A large number of non-Christian communities also take part in the celebrations, making it the most popular celebration in the world next to the New Year celebrations. In some countries, Christmas Eve celebrations on December 24 is more important than the observances on December 25.

Uncertainty of the date
The month and date of Jesus’ birth remain uncertain. The Western Christian Church had adopted the date December 25th by the early-to-mid 4th century which was later followed in the East too. Though December 25th in the Gregorian calendar has been almost accepted universally as the birth date of Jesus, some Eastern Christian Churches celebrate Christmas on December 25th of the Julian calendar. This corresponds to January 7 in the Gregorian calendar, the day after the Western Church celebrates Epiphany. Later, to make it universal, the Church declared the twelve days between Christmas and Epiphany to be one unified festal cycle, giving significance to both the Western and Eastern dates of Christmas.

The exact year of the birth of Jesus is till not known clearly and there have been no solid records regarding the same. Astrologers around the world have worked on it and tracing backwards from the period of Crucifixion, they concluded that Jesus would have born anywhere between 5 and 7 BC. Some claim that the lord was born on March 1st of 7 BC, at 1:30 am in Bethlehem.
There are various other theories suggesting different dates viz. March 21, March 28, May 20, April 18, April 21, January 2, November 17 and November 20 as the birth date of Jesus. In the New Testament, there is no actual mention of the date of the birth of Jesus. The shepherds of Luke’s gospel (Luke 2:8) were said to have been tending their sheep in the field when they received the angelic proclamation of lord’s birth. Hence, it is unlikely that the Jesus’ birth could have happened in December, for the weather would have been too cold for them to be out in the fields.

The choice of date - December 25
Several factors might have influenced the selection of December 25 as the date of celebrating Christmas. In the beginning of the Christian Era, the Roman Empire who followed a religious belief constituting many gods and goddesses, was the dominant force in Europe, Middle East and the Mediterranean. The Romans had a series of festivals near this date of the year. Hence, it might have decided to observe Christmas in this time of the year to compete with one or more of those festivals.

December 25 being the day marking winter solstice on Roman calendar could be a reason for choosing this date. On this date, the Romans used to celebrate Dies Natalis Solis Invicti in honour of the Sun God Sol Invictus. On this solstice, the Sun enters the sign of Capricorn and starts its movement towards the north. Lord Jesus was identified with the Sun based on an Old Testament verse. Also, according to an early sermon by Saint Augustine, Lord Jesus was born on that day of the year where the daytime is the shortest and from which the subsequent days begins to increase in length. Moreover, December 25 comes exactly 9 months after the Annunciation (March 25) or the date of conception of Jesus.

The winter solstice marks the Sun’s transit to Capricorn, the sign ruled by Saturn. Hence, Saturnalia - the Roman celebration of worshiping Saturn coincides with the winter solstice. This festival was also attributed as a celebration of the rebirth of the Sun. By 4th century AD, Saturnalia was officially reset to be celebrated on 25th of December. Later on, the church decided to keep this date as the official date of birth of Jesus.

Astrological points related to Jesus’ birth
December 25, the officially fixed birth date of Jesus Christ coincides with the return of the Sun at the winter solstice. This solstice marks the entry of the Sun into the sign of Capricorn whose ruling planet is Saturn. On this day the Sun appears to halt over the tropic of Capricorn and begins its journey to North.

The relationship between astrology and Jesus’ birth has been well established by the fact that a “Star” guided the Magi or the three wise men who were travelling in search of the New King. It is said that the “Star” would have been a cluster of stars with the bright Jupiter at the centre. Uranus, Jupiter and Saturn which are likely to be the guiding “Star” were in the sign of Pisces during the birth of Jesus. The Lord’s attributes of compassion and forgiveness are of course two salient traits of Pisces. The period also shows a grand trine that links Venus, Neptune and Moon with Jupiter and Saturn, suggesting a period of high spirituality. On December 25 at the first hour, sign Virgo representing Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ, ascended above the horizon.

Some astrologers have contradicted that Jesus was born in Bethlehem, Judea on March 1, 7 BC at 1:30 AM. This birth chart has a six planet stellium in Pisces with five oppositions to Pluto and five trines to Neptune.

Jesus and the Sun
There are various factors linking Jesus to the Sun. Jesus was identified with the Sun based on an Old Testament verse. According to an early sermon by Saint Augustine, Jesus chose to be born on the shortest day of the year for symbolic reasons. He was born on the shortest day of the year from which the subsequent days start to increase in length symbolizing the increase of light. Lord Jesus was described as “the light of the world” by John. Also, there exists the idea that creation began at the spring equinox (March 25), with the conception or birth of Jesus on March 28, which is, in Genesis, the day of creation of the sun. For this reason, Malachi the prophet described him as the sun of righteousness.

The solstice at December 25 marks the transit of the Sun into the sign of Capricorn. During this time, the Sun appears to halt over the tropic of Capricorn for three days before beginning his journey to North, bringing the glorious light to the darkness of Winter in the Northern Hemisphere. Capricorn was known to the Greeks as Augean Stables; convincingly the Sun is born in a stable.

Significance of the solstice
Unlike the modern day, life in the ancient times was much dependent upon nature and seasons. The myths and legends of ancient civilizations reveal much about their approach to the life and the universe. The nights were devoid of electric lamps then and people could actually see the stars in the night sky. Thus astrology was developed as a science for analyzing the cosmic effects on nature and life.

The Romans followed a religion of many Gods and Goddesses, including the Sun, Moon, Jupiter, Mars, Saturn, Venus and Mercury. Their key times of celebrations were the cardinal points of the seasons, the solstices in June and December and the equinoxes in March and October. These points were very important to the ancient society as they marked the change of seasons and the sowing/reaping of crops. These points also symbolized the stages in the development of the soul as they were considered as the stages at which the cosmos or the divine hand take a more active part in the lives of those lived in the body of Mother Earth.

Astrologically, the two equinoxes (when day and night are equal) and the two solstices (when day or night is the longest) are the four important days of a year. In the Northern hemisphere, the most difficult day to survive is the Winter Solstice marking the longest night. While people regard the dark or night as evil and the day or light as good, astrology regards these two as the opposing forces equally important for sustaining life. However, for Christians, the belief that the God came into the world in the form of man to renounce the sins of humanity, is the primary purpose of celebrating Christmas.

October 28, 2016

Significance Of Diwali

Significance of Diwali

Diwali is celebrated by Hindus, Sikhs, and Jains all over the world. For Hindus, this is the day when Lord Ram returned from exile after defeating Ravan. Sikhs celebrate this day as Bandi Chhor Divas or "Day of Liberation". During this day, their Sixth Guru, Guru Hargobind, got released from prison. For Jains, their Lord Mahavira got enlightenment on Diwali day. In Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Nepal, Myanmar, Mauritius and Fiji, it is a National Holiday.

Diwali is celebrated in October or November each year, and it is known as the harvest festival.

The day after Diwali is when the new financial year starts. Basically, this is a harvest festival and it is celebrated for many other reasons. In some regions, Diwali is celebrated as the marriage day of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi. In Bengal, it is celebrated as the day of Kali Ma.

The day of Diwali is celebrated as the day of victory over the demons of the darkness. So the houses are decorated with lamps. This festival is celebrated for nearly five days. It falls on the new moon night of the Hindu Lunisolar and in the  month of  Kartik in Vikram Samvat calendar.

Buddhists believe that Emperor Asoka converted to Buddhism around Diwali date. His coronation was also on a Diwali day.

These days are celebrated for many things like Dhanteras (in Northern and Western part of India), followed by Naraka Chaturdasi on the second day, Diwali on the third day, Diwali Padva  for wife–husband relationship on the fourth day, and the last day  with Bhai Dooj  for  sister–brother bond.

Dhanteras (Day 1)
This is the 1st day of this festival. During this day, the house is cleaned and decorated. It is said that Goddess Lakshmi will visit the houses. This is considered as a good day for shopping as well.

Naraka Chaturdasi (Day 2)
This day is also known as Choti Diwali. This day is seen as the day which Lord Krishna killed the demon Narakasura.

Lakshmi Puja (Day 3)
As the name shows this is the day for Goddess Lakshmi People do Poojas and worship Goddess Lakshmi.

Padwa, Balipratipada (Day 4)
This is the day for husband and wife. Gifts are exchanging  between husband and wife.

Bhai Duj, Bhaiya Dooji (Day 5)
This is dedicated to brothers and sisters. The rituals may not be almost like Rakshabandhan, but it has the same spirit.

Diwali is celebrated as the symbolic representation of winning good over bad, victory of light over darkness and knowledge over ignorance. On the day before Diwali, people clean, renovate and decorate their homes and offices. On the night of Diwali, people used to wear new dress and light up diyas inside and outside their homes, and participate in Lakshmi pooja. It is celebrated not only with lamps but also with crackers.  Electric lights, small oil lamps made of clay and flames are important for  Diwali  celebrations.

Various deities are worshiped during this festival. Goddess Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha, Lord Kubera are the most important deities.

October 07, 2016

Significance of Navratri


Navaratri is a major Hindu festival celebrated throughout in India and Nepal. It is a festival dedicated to the Goddess Durga or Shakthi – a manifestation of the omnipresent energy of the universe. The word Navaratri in Sanskrit means nine nights ('Nava' meaning 'nine' and 'Ratri' meaning 'nights'). The festival lasts for 9 nights and 10 days, and the nine forms of Devi or Goddess are worshipped during this time. Though Navaratri is observed 5 times in a year, those celebrated at the onset of summer and winter are having more importance. Sharad Navratri, the one observed at the beginning of autumn or the onset of winter is the most popular one which is commonly referred as Navratri. Vijayadashami or Dussehra is observed on the tenth day of Sharad Navratri.

Navaratri in Lunar calendar
The dates of Navaratri festival are determined according to the lunar calendar. It is observed 5 times a year – Vasanta Navaratri, Ashad Navaratri, Sharad Navaratri, Pausha Navaratri and Magha Navaratri.

Vasanta Navratri falls on the month of Chaitra (March–April) and it marks the start of the new year in Hindu lunar calendar. It is observed during the waxing phase (Shukla paksha) of Chaitra month.

Ashad Navratri is observed during the Shukla Paksha (waxing phase of moon) of Ashada month (June–July).

Sharad Navratri
is the most important of the Navratris which is celebrated from the 'pratipada' (first day) of the bright fortnight (Shukla paksha) of the lunar month of Ashvin. It marks the beginning of winter (September – October) and is called Maha Navratri or simply Navratri.

Pausha Navratri
is observed during the Shukla Paksha (waxing phase of moon) in the month of Pausha (December–January).

Magha Navratri falls on the waxing phase of moon in January–February.

All these Navratris are 9 day long observances with each day dedicated to different forms of Goddess Durga or Shakthi. The beginning of spring and the beginning of autumn are considered more sacred for worshiping the omnipresent energy ‘Mother Durga’.

9 forms of Durga

The 9 forms or appellations of Goddess Durga or Shakthi as per various Hindu scriptures are the following.

Shailaputri: Also known as Parvati or Himavati, she is the daughter of Himavan (king of Himalayas). The name literally means daughter of the mountains. A manifestation of the power or energy behind the Trimurtis, she is depicted as riding a bull and carrying a trident and a lotus.

Brahmacharini: The name literally means one who practices devout asceticism. She is the way to enlightenment or moksha and is depicted in a white sari, carrying a rosary and a water utensil.

Chandraghanta: She gives the strength to fight all evils. She is shown as having a golden complexion with 3 eyes and 10 hands. She rides a lion and carries weapons in her hands. She has a Chandra (crescent) on her forehead in the shape of a ghanta (bell) and hence the name Chandraghanta.

Kushmanda: She is the Goddess of the cosmic egg and is considered as the creator of the universe. She is depicted as having 8 hands holding weapons, rosary, lotus etc. and riding a tiger or a lion.

Skandamata: She is the mother of war, god Skanda or Kartikeya and hence the name Skandamata ('mata' means 'mother'). The chief commander of Devas in their war against demons, she is depicted as having four arms and three eyes. The Goddess is shown as seated on a lotus or riding a lion and she holds the infant Skanda on her lap.

Katyayani: She is the daughter of Katyayana rishi, born in the Katya lineage of saints. The legend says that the saint wished to have the Goddess as his daughter and underwent long austerities to receive Mother Goddess’ grace..

Kaalratri: She is one of the fierce forms of Goddess Durga and is believed to be the destroyer of all evils and negative energies. She is depicted as having a fierce look with a dark complexion, dishevelled hair and burning bright eyes. She rides on a donkey and carries a blood-drenched weapon.

Mahagauri: The name literally means extremely white. The Goddess is white in complexion and very beautiful. She is depicted in a white sari with four hands and riding on a bull. Her upper right arm is in the pose of allaying fear and lower right hand holds a trident. She holds a damaru (tambourine) in her upper left arm and the lower left arm is in the form of a blessing.

Siddhidatri: Siddhi means supernatural power and Dhatri means the giver. She removes ignorance and gives the knowledge to realise brahman or ultimate reality. She is depicted as seated on a lotus and is four-armed. She holds a lotus, mace, Sudarshana Chakra and conch shell on her four arms. It is mentioned that Lord Shiva worshipped her and was blessed with all 8 siddhis - Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Prapti, Prakambya, Ishitva and Vashitva.

These 9 appellations of Goddess Shakthi are respectively worshipped on the 9 nine days of Navratri. Different poojas and observations are associated with each of these appellations. Yet, we can find variations in names and forms in different regions of India. The forms of Devi/Goddess worshipped vary with the regional traditions. Kali, Jagadamba, Annapurna, Sarvamangala, Bhairavi, Chandika, Lalita, Bhavani, Mookambika etc. are some different names/forms worshipped during Navratri.

Regional Variations

Maha Navratri or Navaratri commences on the first day (pratipada) of the bright fortnight (shukla paksha) of the lunar month of Ashvin. It ends with the Vijayadashami or Dussehra celebrations on the tenth day (dashami) of the fortnight. The dates of the festival are determined according to the lunar calendar and may have some slight regional variations. Also, the different incarnations/names of Goddess worshipped depend on the regional traditions. Hence, in the ten day celebration from pratipada to dashami, the daily observances and the days of importance vary with different regions in India.

In the regions in North India, Chaitra Navratri and Sharad Navratri are widely observed. It includes fasting and worshipping the forms of Mother Goddess. The 9 day celebrations of Chaitra Navratri culminate in Ram Navami and that of Sharad Navratri in Durga Pooja or Dussehra. The Dussehra celebrations in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh is particularly famous.

In Bengal, the last 4 days of Sharad Navaratri are celebrated with much fervour. Those days are observed as Durga Pooja and it is the most important annual festival in the state. Idols of Goddess Durga slaying the demon Mahishasura are erected in temples and other places. These idols are decorated and worshipped during these four days and are immersed in the river on the fifth day (dashami).

In Punjab, the Navratri festival is known as Navaratras or Naratey where the first seven days are for fasting. On the eighth day (Ashtami), devotees break their fasts by inviting young girls to their homes where they are treated as the goddess herself. They are called ‘Kanyak Devis’ and devotees ceremonially wash their feet, worship them and offer traditional delicacies along with bangles, red scarves and a token amount of money called ‘shagun’. Another practice during Navaratras is sowing seeds (pulses or cereals) in a pot on the first day and watering it for the nine days. This practice indicating fertility worship is known as Khetri. The pot is worshipped throughout the nine days, at the end of which the seeds get sprouted.

Navratri is one of the major festivals in Gujarat where devotees celebrate with dancing and singing. Every night of the festival is celebrated by performing Garba or Dayan Raas dance. Devotees conduct Durga Pooja and then accompany together to perform Garba with a live orchestra. For the past few years, Government of Gujarat has been organising the 9 day long Navratri celebrations where natives as well as people from abroad, take part.

In Goa, on the first day of the month Ashwin, devotees install a copper pitcher surrounded by clay in temples or houses. 9 varieties of food grains are sown in it. Devotees celebrate all the nine nights, reciting religious discourses and devotional songs. Also, they arrange a specially decorated swing called Makhar in which an idol of Goddess is placed and is swung according to the music played. This ritual accompanied by orchestra and lamps is called Makharotsav.

In Maharashtra, Ghatasthapana is celebrated from the first day of the month of Ashwin. Ghat arrangement includes an earthen pot filled with water and surrounded by clay in which food grains are sown and allowed to sprout for nine days. Five stems of jowar are also placed over the pot which completes the ‘Ghat’. Women devotees worship the pot for nine days, offering rituals and a garland of flowers, leaves, fruits, dry-fruits etc. Water is also offered to get the seeds sprouted.

Some people conduct Kali Pooja on days 1 and 2, Laxmi Pooja on days 3, 4, 5 and Saraswati Pooja on days 6, 7, 8 & 9 along with Ghatasthapana. A yajna or hom is offered to Goddess Durga on the eighth day. On ninth day, after the Ghat Pooja, it is dissolved by taking off the sprouted leaves of the grains. Some families invite a woman from Matang community and offer food. The woman is treated as a form of the Goddess and blessings are sought from her. On the occasion of Dussehra or Vijayadashmi, devotees worship iron utensils and weapons. The iron equipment is washed and leaves of Apta (called ‘sona’) and sprouted grains are offered. Vidyarambhan – the ceremony marking the beginning of children’s learning is also observed on this day.

Arranging Kolu is an important Navratri observation in Tamil Nadu. It includes a step-like arrangement on which idols/dolls are displayed. The women in neighbourhood invite each other to see the Kolu displays in their homes. They also exchange sweets. Conducting pooja, reciting slokas or hymns and offering food items to the Goddess are also a part of this observation. On the 9th day, Saraswati - the Goddess of wisdom is worshipped. Books, musical instruments etc. are kept for pooja and worshipped. Ayudha Pooja or worship of vehicles and tools is another important observation on this day. All industries and mechanical shops in Tamil Nadu conduct Ayudha Pooja at their premises.

The 10th day or Vijayadasami symbolises a new prosperous beginning devoid of all evils. New ventures started on this day are believed to flourish and kids are often let to start their education on this day. In the evening of Vijayadashami day, prayers are offered to thank God before dismantling the Kolu.

Navratri is celebrated as Dussehra in Karnataka. Ayudha Pooja on Mahanavami (ninth day) is a major observation here and whatever tools/instruments a person uses in his daily life or for his livelihood is kept for worshipping. Devotees believe that the new ventures started on this day can bring success.

The 10 day long Dussehra celebrations have a great fervour in Mysore. King Raja Wodeyar-I of Mysore has declared it as the official festival of the state in 1610. Colourful processions are organised here on the 9th and the 10th days of the festival. The traditional Dussehra procession on Vijayadashami (tenth day) is locally known as Jumboo Savari. During this procession starting from the Mysore palace, an image of Goddess Chamundeshwari will be carried on the back of a decorated elephant. A huge mass of people participates in this procession which also includes music bands, dance groups, elephants, horses and camels. The procession ends at Bannimantapa where a banni tree is worshipped. The ten day celebrations end with a torch light parade ‘Panjina Kavayatthu’ on the night of Vijayadashami.

The major Navaratri observation in Kerala is the worship of Goddess Saraswati from Ashtami (8th day) to Vijayadashami. It is observed at temples, homes, schools and offices as well. Books are kept for worship on Ashtami and they are ceremoniously taken out on Vijayadashami after conducting the Pooja. Ayudha Pooja – the worship of tools and vehicles is also a major observation here.

Vidyarambham – initiating children into reading and writing is the most important Navratri observation in Kerala. The event is conducted at homes and temples where the priest or an elderly person initiates children to write ‘Om Harisree Ganapathaye Namah’ on a plate filled with rice. Millions of children are thus initiated into the world of letters and knowledge on Vijayadashami day.

In Telangana, region of Andhra Pradesh, Navratri is celebrated as Bathukamma. Here, the 9 days are divided into sets of 3 days and the three different aspects of the supreme Goddess are worshipped. The three different aspects or the Tridevis are Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswati. On the first 3 days, Durga or Kali is worshipped symbolising the destruction of evils. On the next 3 days, Goddess Lakshmi is adored who bestows wealth and prosperity. In the final 3 days, Goddess Saraswati is worshipped to earn her blessings in our pursuit of knowledge. Thus we would find significant variations in Navratri celebrations in different parts of India. However, the core concept behind the celebration remains same throughout; which is the worship of different aspects of the divine femininity or the supreme Goddess. In some places, the Dussehra celebration is a commemoration of the victory of Lord Ram over Ravana. Thus on Vijayadashami day, effigies of Ravana, Kumbhakarna and Meghanada are burnt as part of the celebration.


The Hindu concept of Durga or Shakthi is a manifestation of the omnipresent energy of the universe. She is the energy behind the creation, preservation and destruction. During Navratri, we worship the different aspects of this energy and this agrees with the scientific fact that energy can neither be created nor be destroyed. 

Hinduism gives much importance to the mother aspect of the God. The universe or the world we live in has the qualities of a mother. Just as a mother loves, cares and gives all comforts to her children, nature provides everything for preserving life. The divine power controls the movement of celestial bodies. It makes the Earth rotate and revolve around the Sun; causing day and night and climatic changes, creating a perfect abode for sustaining life. Hence, we worship this energy as Mother Goddess. 

We observe Navaratri at the beginning of summer and at the beginning of winter which are the two important junctures of climatic change. Our ancestors have chosen these occasions as the sacred opportunities for worshiping the divine energy.

August 24, 2016

Krishna Janmashtami

Krishna Janmashtami

Janmashtami or Krishna Janmashtami is the annual Hindu festival of commemorating the birth of Lord Krishna, the ninth avatar of Vishnu. The festival is celebrated all over India and Nepal and by the Hindu community (Indian immigrants) in other countries viz. Fiji, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, Jamaica and Suriname. Krishna is one of the most worshipped Hindu deities. He is a friend, a protector, a teacher, a philosopher and a leader for his devotees. The festival of Krishna Janmashtami commemorating his birth falls on the month of Bhadrapada in Hindu calendar (August – September in Gregorian calendar). Janmashtami is also known in other names such as Srikrishna Jayanti, Ashtami Rohini, Krishnashtami, Gokulashtami, Saatam Aatham etc.

The birth of Krishna

Krishna took birth in the midnight of 8th day (Ashtami) of the dark fortnight (Krishna Paksha) of Bhadrapada month (Lunar month – Shravan). The Indian as well as Western scholars believe that Lord Krishna lived in the period between 3200 BC and 3100 BC. As per some astrological calculations, the date of Krishna’s birth is supposed to be 18 July 3228; it is supposed that he lived until 18 February 3102 BC. 


Lord Krishna is the 9th avatar of Vishnu. Krishna took birth as the eighth son of princess Devaki and her husband Vasudeva, who belonged to the Vrishi clan of Yadavas from Mathura. Devaki’s brother Kamsa had ascended the Yadava throne by imprisoning his father Ugrasena. Wicked Kamsa also imprisoned Vasudeva and Devaki following the prophecy which predicted his death at the hands of Devaki’s eighth son. Devaki’s seventh conception was an apparent miscarriage, after Kamsa killed the first six infants soon after their birth. The apparent miscarriage was actually a secret transfer of the infant to Rohini (Vasudeva’s another consort) who give birth to Balarama, Krishna’s brother. When Krishna was born, Vishnu ordered Vasudeva to take Krishna to Nanda and Yashoda of Gokul. It was a night of heavy rain; the prison guards fell asleep, the chains got unleashed and the prison gates got unlocked. Vasudeva took baby Krishna with him, crossed the river Yamuna and reached Gokul where everyone was asleep. He kept Krishna there and returned with Yashoda’s baby girl. When Kamsa attempted to kill the baby girl, thinking her to be Devaki’s eighth child, she rose into the air, revealed herself as Yogmaya and warned Kamsa about his death. Krishna, with his brother Balram, grew up in Gokul. On returning to Mathura he killed Kamsa and freed his parents Vasudeva and Devaki with the help of his brother. 

Janmashtami Significance

Krishna Janmashtami is celebrated in high spirits as Krishna is one of the most followed Hindu deities. Also, Krishna is the ninth and the last incarnated avatar of God Vishnu. Vishnu took birth as Krishna to free the world from evils and to guide people to the path of Dharma or righteousness. Lord Krishna’s life and his mayas or miracles are important elements in the epic Mahabharatha. He is the Lord who narrated Bhagavad Gita, the Hindu holy text preaching Dharma. In Bhagavad Gita, the lord says ‘whenever there is predominance of evil and decline of righteousness, I’ll incarnate to destroy them and to re-establish Dharma in the world’. Hence Janmashtami or Krishna Jayanti symbolises restoring the goodness. It is celebrated to encourage the goodwill and to bring people together, signifying unity and faith.


Janmashtami is celebrated with colours and fervour all over India. Singing, dancing, exchanging of gifts, prayers and chanting hymns from Bhagavad Gita are some of the observances.  Some people observe fasting and stay until midnight, offering prayers. In some places, a cradle with infant Krishna’s idol is placed and swung, symbolising his birth. Conducting Janmashtami processions is another common observance. In this procession, people dress themselves up in the attire of characters in Hindu Puranas and epics. Children dressed as little Krishna enacting the instances from Krishna’s life is a major attraction of the procession. Temples conduct readings of the holy text Bhagavad Gita.

Dahi Handi (pot of curd) is a high energy celebration conducted to commemorate little Krishna’s stealing of butter. An earthen pot containing butter, buttermilk, ghee (milk fat) or milk is hung at a height using a rope. Men who participate have to make a human pyramid by climbing on each other, to reach the pot and to break it. Dahi Handi encourages men to work as a team. This celebration is referred as Uriadi in parts of South India. Rasalila or dramatic enactments of flirtatious aspects of Krishna is a tradition in some parts including Manipur. All traditions and observances of Janmashtami vary with different locations in India.

In Maharashtra, Dahi Handi is celebrated with great fervour. Here, groups of men move from place to place to break as many pots as possible and to collect the prize, usually money.  A participant in this festival is called a Govinda or Govinda pathak. 

Janmashtami celebrations are at its peak in places associated with Krishna’s life such as Mathura, Gokul and Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh. These places attract visitors from all over India to participate in the Janmashtami celebrations. Also, hordes of people visit the town of Dwaraka in Gujarat where Krishna is believed to have established his kingdom. People of the town organise major celebrations and the devotees visit Dwarkadhish temple.

In parts of Odisha and Bengal, people celebrate Janmashtami by fasting and reciting Bhagavata Purana. They recite Bagavata Purana from the 10th Skanda that deals with pastimes of Krishna. Devotees stay awake until midnight and break their fast only on next day. The next day is called Nanda Utsav which commemorates the joyous celebration of Nanda and Yashoda. Varieties of sweets are prepared and distributed on this day.

In Tamil Nadu, the observances include singing devotional songs, reciting Bhagavad Gita, preparing savouries, fasting, midnight pooja etc. Devotees decorate floor with kolams (patterns drawn with rice batter). Some people draw footprints of Krishna from the entrance to pooja room indicating the arrival of the Lord. Also, they dress the youngest male child in the family with Krishna’s attire and serve prasadam (eatables offered to Lord) to them.

Poojas, fasting, singing of devotional songs, preparation & distribution of eatables etc. are common Janmashtami observances in Andhra Pradesh too. Young boys dress up as Krishna and visit neighbours’ and friends’ homes. Milk, curd, sweets and fruits are offered to the Lord before distributing it among the visitors.

Major celebrations are conducted at famous Krishna temples in South India too. Rajagopalaswami Temple Mannargudi, Udupi Bala Krishna temple, Pandavadhoothar temple in Kanchivaram and Guruvayur Krishna temple are some among them. Hordes of devotees visit these temples on the occasion of Janmashtami. 

August 04, 2016

Jupiter Transit 2016

Jupiter Transit 2016
Sarveswaraanaam  dhishanesthi nithyam
Saannidhyam asma dishanenukoole
Praayonukoola sakalascha deva
Sthal praathikoolye sathi nanukoola

This sloka tells us that Guru represents all gods or divine forces. If Guru is favourable, the native will get all favours. Guru is the most benefic planet. It offers graces liberally. It is also judgemental. But unlike Saturn who is very rough and tough, Guru gives lenient results.

On August 11th, Jupiter transits from Leo to Virgo. As per Varaha Hora, Guru in Kanya rasi is,

Boudhey bhooriparischatha athmaja
Suhruth sachivya yuktha sukhee

Meaning, guru will be having lot of residences, dress and such facilities and also enough children friends and holding important executive positions and comforts. It will affect various moon sign people and different ascendant people.

Let us discuss how the transit is going to affect different groups. The results will be more prominent for those undergoing Jupiter or Moon or Sun maha dasa.

Prithwee midhunam kanni

Meaning, Virgo is an earthen rasi. It is up facing rasi also. It is a female rasi too. It is soodra rasi.

Soodra sthree mriga karkida

For Arians (Mesha), Jupiter is their 12th and 9th lord who goes to the 6th sign. What does 6th sign mean?
Sathru, rogam, rinam, choram
It is the house of opponents, debts, thefts and illness.
  1. Beware of sickness, Do exercise, Yoga etc as per Kalapurusha avayava,(means body part) , sickness may affect your abdomen.
  2. Beware of thefts.
  3. Be careful of enemies.
  4. 12 th bhava means journey and expenditure. Hence be careful of expenditure. 
  5. Keep good relation with father and guru.
For Taurus (Vrischik rasi) Guru is 8th and 11th lord, who is transiting to 5th sign. 5th sign is the house of education and children. Guru going to 5th is always good. Taurus students can excel in their studies. They can think of higher education now. But be careful of health issues due to the 8th lordship of Guru.
Guru is the 7th and 10th lord transiting to the 4th sign. 4th sign means the house of family and motherhood for Gemini. Hence this transit is very good for your home, mother and people can think of constructing new houses, purchase of new vehicle etc. You will find happiness from career and home. Your public image will also be good.
For Cancer people (Karkida rasi), Guru is the 6th and 9th lord transiting to the 3rd sign. Guru going to the 3rd sign is not very good; it is the sign of valour, thoughtlessness brothers/sisters and neighbours, helpers etc.
The sixth sign is inimical. Hence chances of enmity with assistants and helpers and brothers and sisters should be avoided.
  • LEO
For Leo ascendant people (Simha rashi), Guru is the 5th and 8th lord occupying the second sign. Second sign means family and ancestral property and education. Hence the transit will increase income and family well being. Probability of a new child in your home is also a possibility.
For Virgo (Kanya rasi), Guru is the 4th and 7th lord occupying the ascendant. Hence for family, marital life etc time is good and prosperous. It, induces higher wisdom too. If not married, wedding bells may ring now.
For Libra people(Thula rashi), Guru is the 3rd and 6th lord transiting to the 12th sign. 12th sign means the house of journeys and expenditure. So journeys may increase and so also the expenditure. Health condition may also be bad. Situation is not good and may be unfavourable but be positive in your actions.
For Scorpio or  Vrischik rasi people, Guru is the 2nd and 5th lord which transit to the 11th sign. As we know the 11th sign is the house of income and fulfilment of all wishes. Hence wishes connected with money, family, children and their education, are expected to fulfil. Overall, very good period is seen.
For Sagittarians or Dhanu rasi people, Guru is the ascendant and 4th house lord occupying the 10th house. 10th house means the house of career. Hence the transit will induce improvement in ones professional life. New employment for the unemployed is also there. Particularly teachers will be benefitted. Promotion in career can also be expected.
For Capricorn or Makar rasi people, Guru is the 3rd and 12th lord transiting to 9th sign. 9th sign is the house of luck and fatherhood. The period will be good for spiritual or religious activities. Relation with brothers and sisters and also with the neighbours may give good results.
For Aquarius or Kumbh rasi people, Guru is 11th and 2nd lord transiting to 8th sign. 8th sign means the house of all obstructions. Hence avoid all risky investments and avoid lending money in the coming period since it may be dangerous.
For Pisces or Meena rasi  people ,Guru is the first and 10th lord. It is transiting to the 7th sign. 7th sign means the house of marriage as well as common public.Your approach in marital field, business etc will be appreciated. You may get awards and appreciation. Career wise the period will be positive. The period is particularly good for poets, drama, cinema and music professionals.

August 02, 2016

Significance of Vavu Bali

Significance of Vavu Bali

Vavu Bali or Vavubali Tharpanam is an important ritual of the Hindus in Kerala. It is an annual homage given to the departed souls and is also referred as Karkkidaka Vavu for the ritual is observed on the Amavasi (New Moon Day) in the Karkkidaka month. The word ‘Karuta Vavu’ in Malayalam means New Moon and ‘Bali’ or ‘Bali Tharpanam’ means offering. Dead ancestors, parents, brothers, sisters, sons and daughters are remembered on this day and the ritual of Bali Tharpanam or Shraddham is done near  water bodies – seashore, river banks or ponds.

Karkkidakam is the last month in the traditional Malayalam calendar ‘Kolla Varsham’. It is believed that on the Amavasi day of Karkkidakam month, the dead souls get full strength and in order to propitiate them and help them achieve Moksha (liberation) the ritual of Bali Tharpanam is observed. Though Bali is performed on the Star/Nakshatra of the departed person, the ritual performed on the Amavasi day in Karkkidakam is considered auspicious and is believed to appease the spirits easily. Amavasi of Karkkidakom also marks the first new moon of Dakshinayanam or the southern transit of the Sun. It is believed to be the night of Devas or Gods. By observing Karkkidaka Vavu ritual, Hindus believe that their Pitrukal or ancestor souls will achieve Moksha and shower blessings to the family members.

Also, according to Vedic Astrology, Sun is the ‘Pitru Karaka’. In the month of Karkkidaka, Sun is in its own constitution and both the Sun and the Moon stay in the same house of the astrological chart on Amavasi, suggesting the presence of paternal and maternal lineages.

Bali Tharppanam or Pitru Tharppanam
The Hindu customs give great importance to the after death rituals. These rituals are commonly called Shesha Kriya (in Malayalam 'Shesham' denotes ‘after’ & 'Kriya' denotes ‘ritual’). Bali or Pitru Tharppanam is the most important ritual in this, which is observed annually to liberate the souls from all worldly existence and to help them achieve Moksha or eternal peace. In the Hindu custom, when a person dies, the younger ones in the family have to perform Bali/Pitru Tharppanam. Usually, the ritual is observed as per the calculations on the star/nakshathra of the day the person has died. Still, regardless of these calculations, Karkkidaka Vavu Bali is observed and is considered most auspicious.

Bali/Pitru Tharppanam performed on the Amavasi or New Moon Day of Karkkidaka month is referred as Karkidaka Vavu or Vavu Bali. Usually, the day falls on July or August in Gregorian Calendar. On this day, the ritual is observed with great devotion and the rites are conducted near water bodies. Starting from the morning, thousands of people gather on seashores and river banks to conduct this ritual. Temples and religious organisations in Kerala make wide arrangements for the people to perform this ritual. Balippuras or Bali Tharppanam centres will be erected on the banks of holy rivers and seashores. Temples near seashore or river banks arrange special ‘Theertha ghats’ too. The important Bali Tharppanam spots in Kerala such as Shanghumukam Beach Trivandrum, Thiruvallom Parasurama Temple, Varkala Papanasam, Kollam Thirumulavaram, Aranmula,Aluva Manappuram, Thiruvillwamala, Thirunelli, Thirunavaya, Kozhikode Beach, Sri Sundarekhsa Temple Kannur, Thrikunnapuzha etc. will remain crowded on this day and the State authority takes special steps for the safe and peaceful observance of mass Bali Tharppanam. 

The ritual
The Vavu Bali ritual is usually done by males, but sometimes, by women and children too. Men wear only a dhoti while performing the ritual; in some areas, a red cloth will be tied around the waist. The person who performs the rites has to wake up early in the morning and finish the morning routines to reach the Bali Tharppanam spot. Also, he has to observe fast on the day and is usually allowed to have only one meal comprising rice. Vavu Bali is conducted under the guidance of a priest or an elderly person. Darbha (a type of grass), cooked rice, pavithram (ring made of darbha), ellu (sesame), cheroola (a herb), water and banana leaf are the important materials required to perform Bali Tharppanam rites. The offering is done on the banana leaf and the person performing the ritual takes a dip in the water, immersing the offering and leaf. The rites and materials slightly vary with various locations. In northern parts of Kerala, people offer Ada (a kind of sweet) to the departed souls at their homes.

Karkkidaka Vavu Bali is analogous to Mahalaya Shraddh Paksha or Pitru Paksha Shraddh observed in other states of India. On the day of Karkkidaka Vavu Bali in Kerala, Hindus in Tamil Nadu observe Aadi Amavasi rites for the devoted souls. Thousands of people take a dip in sacred rivers and important Theerthams on this day.

July 22, 2016

Astrological Relevance and Rituals of Ramayana Month

Ramayana Month Significance

The Month Karkkidakam - the last month in the traditional Malayalam Calendar Kollavarsham or Kollam Era, is often referred as Ramayana Month. It is a period of great Astrological, Geographical, Social and Cultural significance for the people of Kerala who spend this time, observing various traditional practices. Reciting Ramayana at temples and homes is one of those observances in Karkkidakam which gives the name Ramayana Masam (Ramayana Month).

Karkkidakam starts in the middle of July and ends in the middle of August. The whole Kerala region experiences a period of bad weather, reduced crops and various ailments during this time, which cause the people consider the month as inauspicious. The Hindu community in Kerala desists from fixing or conducting marriages and other auspicious functions during Karkkidakam. The traditional practice of reciting Ramayana is meant for a spiritual enrichment, which can help people feel less affected by the negativity of the period.

Astrological Significance

In Sanskrit the word Karkkidaka means cancer and it is the period when the Sun transits through Karka Raasi (Cancer Zodiac).  Karkkidaka Samkranti/Karka Sankranti which marks the transition of Sun into Karka Raasi, also marks the end of Utharayana (northern transit of Sun) and the beginning of Dakshinayana (southern transit of Sun). Dakshinayana will last for next 6 months till Makara Sankranti and the nights are longer during this period.

In Vedic Astrology, Sun is regarded as ‘Pitru Karaka’. During the month Karkkidakam, the Sun is in its own constitution and on the New Moon Day of Karkkidakam, both Sun and Moon stay in the same house of the astrological chart. The Amavasi or New Moon Day of Karkkidakam is observed by the Hindus as Karkkidaka Vavu, a day to pay annual homage to the dead members of the family.

Geographical & Social Significances

The month of Karkkidakam falls in June-July period and is often marked by heavy rains. The South-West Monsoon will be in its full swing in Kerala which results in chilly weather, loss of crops, damages, diseases and deaths. The agrarian community of Kerala suffers from retarded production in crops and the people have to rely on the grains stored in the previous seasons. The continuous rains and flooded farmlands make it difficult for the people to go out and do works. Also, the torrential rain increases the spread of diseases. In order to resist the bad climate and diseases, people follow some special diets which improve their immunity.

For all these features, Karkkidakom is also referred as Panja Masam (Month of scarcity) and is considered inauspicious for special occasions such as marriage, house warming etc. Strong believers do not prefer this month to start any new ventures or conduct important functions. Land registrations and vehicle purchases will be less and the whole business will become dull. A general tendency can be seen among the people, to spend less and prepare for the heavy shopping and festivities in next month Chingam.


Recitation of Ramayana
The tradition of reciting Ramayana during Karkkidakam is believed to be started in the 16th century. Adhyatma Ramayanam written by Thunjath Ramanujan Ezhuthachan is recited in the temples and homes during this period. The author Thunjath Ezhuthachan is called as the Father of Malayalam language, and his work Adhyatma Ramayanam is a lucid version of Ramayana which became popular among the Malayali community.

The purpose of reading the legend of Lord Ram is to attain a spiritual enrichment and to find comfort in the agonies inflicted by month Karikkidakom. A spiritual solace can be attained through regular and devoted reading of Ramayana during the 31 days of Karkkidakam. The story of Ram is not only significant for its spiritual element, but it preaches the right conduct and the duties of an individual towards the society, parents, siblings, husband, wife etc. A devoted reading of this epic can help purify the minds.

The person who recites Ramayana has to sit before a nilavilakku (lighted oil lamp) and read the verses in a particular rhythm. He has to start the reading from the first day of Karkkidakom and complete it on the last day of the month.

Karkkidaka Kanji
Bad weather and diseases are some of the salient features of the month Karkkidakam. In order to resist these adverse conditions and to improve the immunity, people stick onto some special diets during this month. Also, as agricultural activities come to a halt, farmers follow some Ayurvedic practices to rejuvenate their health. Karkkidaka Kanji is a porridge type preparation had by all people, including children during this month. It is a traditional Ayurvedic blend which has the power to purify the body and improve immunity.

The ingredients of Karkkidaka Kanji may include Navarra rice, broken wheat, jeerakam (cumin), manjal (turmeric), pepper, cardamom, jathikka (nutmeg) , cloves, thiruthalli, uzhinnigi, bala, attibala,  chathurjatham, kalasam, assalli, jathipathri, danakam, satkuppa, kakkankaya, etc. These are boiled in coconut milk or cow milk along with jaggery and a pinch of salt. At old times, Karkkidaka Kanji was served throughout the month and was had by everyone during early morning or evening.

Also, leafy vegetables like muringa (drumstick tree) leaves and spinach are not consumed in this period as they carry some poisonous elements at this time of the season.

Nalambalam Darsanam
Nalambalam Darsanam/Yatra is an annual pilgrimage held in this period to four famous temples in the central Kerala region. It involves offering prayers at Triprayar Sree Rama Temple, Irinjalakuda Koodalmanikyam Temple, Moozhikkulam Lakshmana Temple and Payammal Shathrughna Temple, which are dedicated to Lord Rama, Bharatha, Lakshmana and Shathrughna respectively. This practice originated centuries ago when completing this task in one day was an ardent task. Today, as these temples are well connected by roads, this pilgrimage is gaining more popularity.

Lakshmi Pooja/Sheepothi Orukkal

This includes a set of practices to welcome Lakshmi Devi - the Goddess of prosperity. On the last day of Mithunam (the month before Karkkidakam), people clean the interior and exterior of houses, destroy the damaged utensils, pots, brooms etc and  cleanse the house by sprinkling dung water. This practice is conducted to expel Chetta or Alakshmi or Ashree from the homes. After this, Lekshmiku Vaykkal or Sheepothi Orukkal is conducted by arranging auspicious things, including Ashtamangalyam and Dasapushpams in front of Nilavilakku. Also, some special poojas are conducted in the temples.
The cleaning of house and premises can improve sanitation and reduce the risks of diseases in the adverse period of Karkkidakom.

Illamnira or Puthiri
The traditional practice of Illamnira or Puthiri includes farmers taking reaped paddy sheaves to temples for Lakshmi Pooja and devotees collecting it from there.  After the pooja, it is distributed back to the farmers and other people visiting the temple. It is believed that keeping this paddy at home would bring wealth, happiness and prosperity.

Aanayoottu/Sukha Chikitsa for elephants
It is a part of the rejuvenation treatment given to the elephants in the month of Karkkidakam. Elephants form an important part of Kerala temple customs and tradition. Special massages, food and Ayurvedic medicines are given to the elephants to rejuvenate their health. In Guruvayoor Sree Krishna Temple, Aanayoottu or feeding of elephants is a great event of tourist importance where more than 60 elephants are given special treatments, diets and tonics.

In today’s world, as the modern lifestyle expels out the traditional practices, the recitation of Ramayana and preparation of Karkkidaka Kanji is so rare at homes. Yet, Ramayana Parayanam or recitation of Ramayana is conducted in temples and some venues arranged by spiritual organisations. In media, Malayalam television channels telecast some authentic programs related to Ramayana or Karkkidakom in general. The recitation of Ramayana is now available in CDs & DVDs and some Ayurvedic product manufacturers sell ready-made Karkkidaka Kanji sachets. Also, there will be an increased sale of Thunchath Ezhuthachan’s Adhyatma Ramayanam issued by various publishers in Kerala.
© 2016 - Astro-Vision Futuretech Pvt. Ltd. - Privacy Policy
All the works of this blog are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
Creative Commons License