Marriage is a sacred institution where two souls are bound to live together and take care of each other until the end of their lives. As per the Hindu astrology, the planets & celestial bodies and their positions at the time of a person’s birth have a significant influence on his/her personality and life. Hence, the Vedic Science implies the importance of analysing horoscopes of the prospective bride & groom. Vedic Astrology follows a methodology to study horoscopes of the boy and the girl to ensure peace, harmony and prosperity in their married life. This technique of checking horoscope or marriage compatibility is generally referred as Porutham or Koota.
Importance of Horoscope Matching
Marriage is a solemn agreement between a man and a woman to live together for the rest of their lives. Since horoscope implies the personality and character of an individual, it is the Hindu tradition to analyse horoscopes of the couple to foresee the future status of their married life. Marriage or Horoscope Matching is done on behalf of the couple before they tie the knot. In this process, the compatibility of the astrological agents in each one’s horoscope is studied which in turn gives the compatibility of their physical nature, mental attitudes, temperament etc., assuring whether the marriage will be a happy one or not. We believe that the horoscope compatibility ensures the lifelong binding of the couple and the prosperity of their life.
Porutham or Koota is the Vedic Astrology method of checking horoscope compatibility and matchmaking. The sole purpose of following this age-old method is to ensure the compatibility between the man and the woman so that they enjoy a happy and prosperous married life. Porutham or Koota is based on the study of Nakshatras (Birth Stars) and Grahas (Planets) of the boy and the girl who want to get married. Their horoscopes are analysed and all astrological agents influencing their lives are considered and matched. Though this method devised 20 different Poruthams in the ancient times, now only 10 are in use. The different Poruthams check the strength of different aspects in married life, analysing horoscopes of the prospective bride and groom. The aspects considered include mutual affection, harmony, prosperity, health, longevity, sexual compatibility, temperament, children, fortunes etc. Usually, the alliances are called off when the overall Porutham indicates less or no compatibility. Only those with good Porutham are considered good for marriage.
Astrology compatibility and Strength of relations
The astrology compatibility of the individuals and the strength of their relationship is what analysed through the 10 Pothams or Kootas. These Poruthams or Kootas represent distinct characteristics and are considered altogether for rating the compatibility or the strength of the relation. In some parts of India, only 8 Poruthams are considered while in some places a total of 12 Poruthams are analysed.
The 10 different Poruthams (Kootas) considered are Dinam, Ganam, Yoni, Rasi, Rasiyathipaty, Rajju, Vedha, Vasya, Mahendra and Stree Deergham. In the process of compatibility check, the effect of each of these Poruthams is analysed one by one.
Dinam Porutham or Dina Koota represents health and prosperity of the married couple. Good Dinam Porutham indicates freedom from poverty and disease and the couple are expected have a long and prosperous married life.
Ganam Porutham is considered in the matching of temperaments of the boy and the girl as well as in the compatibility of their sex life.
Yoni Porutham is considered to determine the sexual compatibility between the couple. Yoni Porutham which also indicates the physical compatibility of the couple is studied for both the girl and the boy. It points out the incompatibilities, as the compatibility is also dependent upon the emotional variations.
Rasi Porutham deals with the compatibilities of birth stars or zodiac signs. The position of the moon at the time of birth determines the Rasi or zodiac sign which has significant effects on a person’s physical characteristics and character. Hence, Rasi Porutham is important in checking the marriage compatibility and it compensates for the lack of other Poruthams.
Rasiyathipaty Porutham refers to the compatibility of the Lords of birth stars of both the girl and the boy. For a good compatibility, the Lords of the birth stars should be in friendship. If the birth star Lord of the boy is in friendship with the birth star Lord of the girl, the marriage will be a happy and long-lasting one. The effect will be just the opposite if the birth star Lords are not in friendship with each other. Rasiyathipaty Porutham also has its effect on progeny or children.
Rajju Porutham is the one with the highest importance as it refers to the husband’s long life. It is properly analysed as it indicates the happy relationship with wife and the longevity of relation.
Vedha deals with the incompatibilities between the birth stars of the boy and the girl. The word Vedha means ‘affliction’ and if the birth stars are not agreeing with each other, the marital life will pass through adversities. If the couple marries with ‘vedha’ in their stars, the life will be afflicted and they may suffer from illness, stress etc. For those whose birth stars are compatible or not having ‘Vedha’, the married life is expected to be happy.
Vasya Porutham is a measure of the compatibility between the zodiac signs of the couple. A strong Vasya Porutham enables mutual affection, physical attraction, respect and harmony.Vasya Porutham is significant, especially when there is an absence of other Poruthams like Ganam Porutham and Rasi Porutham.
Mahendra Porutham stands for wealth, progeny and longevity. A strong Mahendra Porutham ensures prosperity and the possibility of children. It also suggests that the husband will effectively protect and care his wife and children. It can compensate the absence of Dinam and Rasiyathipaty Poruthams
Stree Deergha Porutham ensures good health, long life and prosperity to the woman. A strong Stree Deergha Porutham refers to the longevity of couple with no health issues, an understanding husband and wealth & prosperity.
Out of these 10 Poruthams, Ganam, Rajju, Dhinam, Rasi and Yoni are considered important with Rajju and Dhinam having the greatest importance. Points are given to each of these Poruthams or Kootas and are summed up to get the net score of horoscope matching. If the score is above 50% the couple is considered good for marriage. However, besides these 10 Porutham, there are some other important parameters in matchmaking such as Manglik Matching, Nadi Koota, Bhakuta Koota etc.
Manglik (Mars) Matching is very important in matchmaking and is the first thing considered in most of the cases. The horoscopes of the boy and the girl are analysed for Manglik Dosa/Chovva Dosam. In between the horoscopes of the couple, there must be a compatibility of the Planet Mars for ensuring a happy married life.
Nadi Koota is necessary to ensure the wellness and longevity of husband and wife as well as the happiness of their children. Bhakuta Koota refers to the mutual beneficial placement of the Moon in their horoscopes. A good Bhakuta Koota suggests sound harmony between the partners in important aspects of life. On certain instances, if Nadi Koota or Bhakuta Koota is weak, even a good score in Poruthams is considered inauspicious. Porutham or matchmaking is a complex process where many other astrological factors such as ‘balance between the Yogas of two horoscopes’ are also analysed before finalising an alliance as a good match or not.
Porutham or Horoscope Matching takes into consideration the natural tendencies of the boy and the girl based on their birth charts. Though marriage is most important to the bride and the groom, it is also an institution where two families or two cultures are joined together. The process of checking Porutham or matchmaking should be in accordance with the changing trends. The modern times demand the need of new techniques of predictions without altering the basic traditional concepts. A good astrologer should take into consideration the existing social circumstances and the intellectual needs of the boy and the girl. A happy marriage creates happy individuals; the stable families create a stable society.