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Mars And Earth Science Professions

Mars and Earth Science Professions

MARS is known as Kshitija, meaning, son of the earth. People involved in professions that have anything to do with earth have a prominent influence of Mars in their horoscopes. This article intends to discuss the importance of Mars in professions related to earth science.

According to Wikipedia "Earth science or Geoscience" is an all-embracing term referring to the fields of science dealing with planet Earth. The formal discipline of Earth sciences may include the study of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere. Though oceanography, atmospheric sciences and planetary geology also come under the purview of earth science I would like to restrict the present discussion to professions directly related to earth or geology.

Geology itself is a vast science including many branches in its fold. The branch which studies the physical properties of earth including deep core, mantle and upper crust is called geophysics. Geophysics is commonly used to supplement the work of geologists in developing a comprehensive understanding of crustal geology, particularly in mineral and petroleum exploration. Geophysics includes seismology, the study of seismic waves of earth and exploration. Geophysics which employs various methods to study the physical properties of earth such as gravity, magnetism, electrical properties and so on. The applied aspects of geology include engineering geology, environmental geology, hydrogeology, mineral exploration, mining and ore geology, petroleum geology and so on.

Profession has to be predicted by studying the 2nd and 10th houses, both from Ascendant and from the Moon-sign. Besides these, the Ascendant and the Moon-sign represent the native and also have a major influence on profession. These houses their lords and their dispositors when connected to Mars by the way of occupation, conjunction, aspect or sign exchange may indicate a profession in earth sciences. Similarly the influence of Mars on the Ascendant, 10th and 2nd houses in the Dasamsa may also suggest a career related  to earth sciences. Further, Mars becoming the strongest planet in Shadbalas is also a factor to consider. It is better to use a tabular form to quantitatively measure the planetary influence on the above factors (See the table for chart 4). The majority of the factors leaning towards Martian influence can indicate a profession related to earth and earth science.

The influence of other planets besides Mars also needs to be considered in identifying the various branches of professions in earth sciences. The involvement of Mercury may indicate research while Jupiterian influence may point to a teaching career. The Sun's influence may indicate professions related with governmental organizations. The influence of Saturn may indicate professions where geology is applied in coal and mineral exploration, engineering projects and petroleum exploration and also professions where a lot of physical hardship has to be faced because of occupational conditions. The influence of the Moon may indicate connections with ground water exploration and hydrogeology. Likewise, that of Venus may indicate exploration of valuable minerals like gemstones and diamonds. The connection of the Sun may indicate study of cosmology and planetary geology. Mercury and Ketu exerting their influence may point to professions involving usage of drawings, modelling and mathematics. Saturn and Rahu indicate study of extinct fossils, fossil fuels and geochronology. The nature of signs involved has also to be studied minutely to derive any supportive information. The following cases are of earth science related professions.

Chart 1: Male :Born 28 Feb, 1928 at 08hr.00min at Nogales AZ, USA, (31 N 20, 110 W 56, zone:7h.W)
Chart 1
The 2nd house is Aries, a Martian sign aspected by Mars who is involves in sign exchange with Saturn, the 10th lord from the Moon-sign, in chart 1. It is to be noted that exchange between Mars and Saturn involves the signs Scorpio and Capricorn. The 10th lord from the Ascendant is Jupiter who occupies his own sign in the Ascendant. No other planetary influence can be found on the 10th house from the Ascendant. In the Dasamsa, Mars is the 10th lord from the Ascendant and occupies the 10th house in Scorpio aspecting the Ascendant.

The native is a miner and geologist. Inducted into the American Mining Hall of Fame he was also a recipient of many honorary degrees and awards. He began his career as a mining engineer and later took up uranium exploration and search for porphyry copper, finally becoming an independent consultant. He also authored numerous articles and industry-specific works. Note the strong influence of Scorpio both in the Rasi and Dasamsa which explains his profession related to mining and exploration.

Chart 2: Male: Born Sept 25, 1839 at 8h.00m. LMT at Baden, Germany(53 N 00, 9 E 04)
Chart 2
Saturn and Mars occupy the 2nd from Ascendant and aspect 2nd from the Moon in chart 2 . Mars is the 2nd lord from the Ascendant while Saturn happens to be the 10th lord from the Moon. The Ascendant is occupied by Jupiter who is in mutual aspect with the moon. In the Dasamsa, Jupiter and Rahu occupied by the Ascendant aspected by Mercury and Ketu. Saturn is in the 2nd in a Martian sign Scorpio aspected by Mars.

The native was a Palaeontologist and geologist who worked in the geological survey at Vienna and later, became professor of Mineralogy. Subsequently , he was made professor of Palaeontology and geology. He authored Handbook of Palaeontology which is considered the most comprehensive and authoritative work in the field. The dominant influence of Mars explains his profession related to the earth sciences. The sign Scorpio, and Saturn and Rahu connected his work with mineralogy and palaeontology while Jupiter and Mercury made him an author, professor and academician.

Chart 3: Male: Born March 22, 1785 at 2h. 00m. LMT at Dent, England (54 N 1634, 2 W 2707).
Chart 3
The 2nd house from the Ascendant in Chart 3 is occupied by 2nd lord Saturn, and Mars and Rahu. Mars aspects the 2nd and 10th houses from the Moon. Jupiter and the Sun aspect the 10th from the Ascendant while Mercury aspects the 2nd from the Moon. In the Dasamsa, Mars aspects the 10th while the Ascendant and 10th lords Jupiter and Mercury occupy a Martian sign Scorpio.

The native was a British geologist who was considered as one of the founders of moderneology. He proposed the Devonian and Cambrian periods of the geological timescale. Dominant martian influences coupled with the association of Saturn and Rahu with Mars explain the native's work in palaeontology on which basis he proposed the past geological periods. Note the influence of Jupiter and Sun on the 10th house.

Chart 4: Male: Born May 9, 1979 at 21h.27m. IST at Guntur,(80 E 27, 16 N 18. Time Zone 5h.30m.E)
Chart 4
The 10th lord Mercury in chart 4 joins Mars in a martian sign while the 2nd lord Saturn joins Rahu in Leo. from the Moon-sign, Mercury is the Ascendant and 10th lord joining Mars in Aries while the 2nd house is aspected by Mars, Mercury, Sun and Saturn. In Dasamsa, Mars and 10th lord while the 2nd house is aspected by Saturn.

The native holds a doctorate in geology in the field of structural geology and tectonics and is currently working as an executive in a hydrocarbon exploration and production company.

Planetary influences on profession
Planetary influences on profession2

Chart 5: Male: Born  December 31, 1992 at 7h.45m PST at Alameda CA, USA(37 N 45, 122 W 14 Time Zone at 8h. W).
Chart 5
Saturn and Rahu occupy the 10th from the Ascendant aspected by Mars who also aspects the Moon and occupies the 10th  from the Moon in chart 5. The Sun occupies the Ascendant in the Jupitarian sign while Jupiter aspects the 2nd and 10th from the Moon. the 10th lord  from the Ascendant, Mercury, occupies the 2nd from the Ascendant.In the Dasamsa, the 10th house, a Jupitarian sign, is aspected by Mars, Mercury, Venus and Saturn while the 10th lord Jupiter is in a Martian sign.

The native is a scientist, geologist, geophysicist and government consultant. After obtaining his Ph. D. he was on the faculty of the University of Nevada. He authored the book Faults and Earthquake Magnitude and also worked as a geology consultant for the U.S. government. Mars exerting predominant influence gave the native a profession connected with earth sciences while the influence of Jupiter and Mercury made him a teacher and author. The influence of the Sun on the Ascendant and the 2nd from the Moon-sign in Rasi made him a consultant to the government.

Chart 6: Male: Born Aug 24, 1916 at 9h.15m. EST at Detroit, Michigan (42 N 20, 83 W 03(Time Zone 5h.W)).
Chart 6
The Ascendant falls in a sign of Mercury occupied by Mars and Mercury and aspected by Saturn in Chart 6. The 10th from the Ascendant is occupied by Venus and the Moon while the 2nd is aspected by Jupiter. From the Moon-sign, the 10th lord Jupiter occupies a Martian sign aspected by Mars and Saturn while the 10th house itself receives the aspect of Mars and Mercury. The 2nd house from the Moon is occupied by Saturn and Ketu in watery Cancer. In the Dasamsa, the Ascendant lord Venus joins Mars while the 2nd house falls in a Martian sign occupied by Rahu.

The native is a geochemist and professor of geology. He applied experimental physical chemistry data and techniques to geology and geochemistry problems and co-authored book the Solutions, Minerals, and Equilibria that revolutionized aqueous geochemistry. Predominant Martian influences have given the native a career connected with earth sciences while the influence of watery signs and planets gave specialization in aqueous geochemistry. Mercury and Jupiter exerting their influence made the native an author and teacher.

Chart 7: Male: Born March 7, 1899 at 8h.30m.HET at Munchen, Germany (48 N 08, 11 E 34 (Time Zone 1h.E))
Chart 7
The Ascendant in Chart 7 falls in a Martian sign aspected by Jupiter while the Ascendant lord Mars joins Ketu in a Mercury-ruled sign aspected by Sarum. Rahu and the Moon. The 2nd lord Venus occupies the 10th aspected by Mars while the 10th lord Saturn is in a sign of Jupiter aspected by Mars. From the Moon-sign, Mars exerts his influence on the 10th, 1st and 2nd houses and also on the 2nd lord Saturn. In the Dasamsa. Mars joins Jupiter and aspects the Ascendant lord Sun and the 2nd from the Ascendant The 10th lord Venus and 2nd lord Mercury occupy a Martian sign Scorpio.
The native was a surveyor and cartographer. He worked as a high school teacher and also edited a number of mountain maps

Courtesy :  Modern Astrology (Dr. K. Guru Rajesh)


Effects and Remedies of Grahan Dosh or Grahan Yoga

Effects and Remedies of Grahan Dosh or Grahan Yoga

Grahan dosh is a very much feared dosh by the believers of astrology. Grahan means eclipse. So, this dosh forms by the Rahu and Ketu. Rahu and Ketu known as lunar nodes. They are also known as shadowy planets and are not considered as actual planets.

Grahan dosh means Rahu or Ketu is in close conjunction with Sun or Moon at the time of your birth or you are born during an eclipse time.

Now let’s look at some statistical analysis. Rahu and Ketu are always in  retrograde motion and it will go in a direct path only on some days.  Only some people have horoscopes within the direct path. They are always traveling in the opposite directions. They stay in a sign for 18 months. Now Rahu is in Leo and Ketu is in Aquarius. So, when Sun or Moon transits to Leo, that too in closer degrees with Rahu, forms a Grahan dosh. Same is applicable with Ketu. Some astrologers claim that this aspect can also create Grahan dosh. Truth is that only when Sun or Moon are in close conjunction it will affect a person. This is why degrees are always important. So whoever born during this time may have grahan dosh.

Now, what is the significance of Grahan dosh? For that, we have to know what Sun, Moon, Rahu and Ketu signifiy.

Sun: Father, government, authority, esteem, honor, ego and power
Moon: Mother, emotions, psyche, home, security, convenience, nourishment, and comforts
Rahu: Aggression, passion, material comforts, technology and adventure
Ketu: Moksha, detachment, spirituality, occult, silence, psychic intuition, discomfort, mysticism.

You should try to explore the psychological and spiritual attributes connected to any yoga or dosh than looking for its worldly aspects. If you are looking at the possibilities of yogas and dosh in a material perspective you may never get the vast idea lying behind it.

Sun and Moon plus Rahu grahan yoga always shows that you are having an aggressive nature and it is beyond your control. This aggressive attitude can create issues with your elderly figures. They can be against you and this can cause issues in your progress. Sun represents ego and Moon represents mind. Both are highly active and emotions are running high.

The only remedy is understanding yourself that how you are programmed. Doing self analysis will also act as a remedy. You may try either of these methods so that you can control your emotions or avoid such situations which can create unhealthy incidents with your elders.

The intensity always differs according to the degrees of the conjunction. The mode of rebelliousness and aggression can vary according to the closeness of Sun/Moon and Rahu.

The conjunction of Sun or Moon plus Ketu will act in a different way than the conjunction with Rahu. Since Ketu indicates detachment and moksha, the person may not take up any responsibilities and thus fall into issues.

Both are of course indications of complicated situations.Truth is that there are no remedies for each and every problem in life, and we are destined to go through certain troubles. They can be some debt from your past birth. The best remedy to this dosh is realizing your duties and doing justice to those. Well, you can try other remedies which are given in ancient texts, but we are back into Dvapara yuga, so remedies based on intelligence and psychology will always work.


Kendradhipati Dosha and Related Thoughts

Kendradhipati Dosha and Related Thoughts

Kendradhipati dosha is another confusing dosha in astrology. As its name mentions, it is a negative impact on a person’s life due to the influence of the lord of Kendras. The Kendra houses 1, 4, 7, and 10 are having the lordship of mild planets or precisely speaking benefic planets, and then it gives a Kendradhipati dosha. 

Now, there is another technical side added to fix this dosha.
Is it applicable for all those who has benefics as their lord of Kendras?
No. Only Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces ascendant are considered to have this dosha and again there are filters to this condition. 
For Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces ascendants, Mercury and Jupiter are the lord of Kendras. For Gemini Mercury is not a Kendradhipati dosha planet, because Mercury rules not only Kendra but also the 1st house, which is a Trikon house too. This is the same condition with Virgo ascendant.

For Sagittarius and Pisces ascendant, Jupiter is not a Kendradhipati dosha planet, because Jupiter rules not only the Kendra house but also the Trikon house as well. 

So for Gemini and Virgo, Jupiter can create troubles and for Sagittarius and Pisces, Mercury can create troubles. 

Gemini Ascendant 



Sagittarius Ascendant 




Now let’s see what are the implications of Kendradhipati dosha.

Kendra houses are the doors of treasures in our life. 
1st house:  person, beauty, aspirations, health, vitality, longevity, personality, prosperity, perspective, soul’s purpose, initiations, ambitions, happiness and will power.

4th house: security, nourishment, mother, happiness, upbringing relatives, basic education, comforts, psyche, mental peace, spiritual life confidence, luxuries, country of birth, and real estate deals. 

7th house: spouse, marriage, legal relations, business partners, sex, fertility, passion, foreign travels, and open enemies .

10th house: honor, career, status, Karma, power, fame, public esteem, status, position, honor,   authority, rulers, government, employer and self-esteem.

When we analyze these 4 houses, we can see that they are the main thing which constitutes a human life or they are the basic of human life. We have to fight to attain the features of this in life and these fights should be on a regular basis because there are so many contestants out there.  So you need a fighter to guard these matters. You need protection and at the same time, you need to conquer more. 

Jupiter and Mercury, basically known as mild planets,  obviously lack that fighting spirit. So there can be some situations in your life where you have to struggle to build confidence, hard-heartedness, will power to gather together the matters indicated in these 4 houses.

Does it means that having a malefic planet or those who do not have this Kendradhipati dosha, do well in their life?
Not at all.

Malefic planets in the Kendra houses are also seem to be problematic. Kendradhipati dosha is just a reminder that you have to be extra cautious about your peace of mind. The 4 houses are dealing with those matters which can directly block your decision-making power and peace of mind. So you need to guard them carefully. 


Significance of Navratri


Navratri is a major Hindu festival celebrated throughout India and Nepal. It’s a festival dedicated to the Goddess Durga or Shakthi – a manifestation of the omnipresent energy of the universe. The word Navratri in Sanskrit means nine nights ('Nava' meaning 'nine' and 'Ratri' meaning 'nights'). The festival lasts for 9 nights and 10 days, and the nine forms of Devi or Goddess are worshipped during this time. Though Navratri is observed 5 times in a year, those celebrated at the onset of summer and winter are having more importance. Sharad Navratri, the one observed at the beginning of autumn or the onset of winter is the most popular one which is commonly referred as Navratri. Vijayadashami or Dussehra is observed on the tenth day of Sharad Navratri.

Navratri in Lunar calendar

The dates of Navratri festival are determined according to the lunar calendar. It is observed 5 times a year – Vasanta Navratri, Ashad Navratri, Sharad Navratri, Pausha Navratri and Magha Navratri.

Vasanta Navratri falls on the month of Chaitra (March–April) and it marks the start of the new year in Hindu lunar calendar. It is observed during the waxing phase (Shukla paksha) of Chaitra month.

Ashad Navratri is observed during the Shukla Paksha (waxing phase of moon) of Ashada month (June–July).

Sharad Navratri
is the most important of the Navratris which is celebrated from the 'pratipada' (first day) of the bright fortnight (Shukla paksha) of the lunar month of Ashvin. It marks the beginning of winter (September – October) and is called Maha Navratri or simply Navratri.

Pausha Navratri
is observed during the Shukla Paksha (waxing phase of moon) in the month of Pausha (December–January).

Magha Navratri falls on the waxing phase of moon in January–February.

All these Navratris are 9 day long observances with each day dedicated to different forms of Goddess Durga or Shakthi. The beginning of spring and the beginning of autumn are considered more sacred for worshiping the omnipresent energy ‘Mother Durga’.

9 forms of Durga

The 9 forms or appellations of Goddess Durga or Shakthi as per various Hindu scriptures are the following.

Shailaputri: Also known as Parvati or Himavati, she is the daughter of Himavan (king of Himalayas). The name literally means daughter of the mountains. A manifestation of the power or energy behind the Trimurtis, she is depicted as riding a bull and carrying a trident and a lotus.

Brahmacharini: The name literally means one who practices devout asceticism. She is the way to enlightenment or moksha and is depicted in a white sari, carrying a rosary and a water utensil.

Chandraghanta: She gives the strength to fight all evils. She is shown as having a golden complexion with 3 eyes and 10 hands. She rides a lion and carries weapons in her hands. She has a Chandra (crescent) on her forehead in the shape of a ghanta (bell) and hence the name Chandraghanta.

Kushmanda: She is the Goddess of the cosmic egg and is considered as the creator of the universe. She is depicted as having 8 hands holding weapons, rosary, lotus etc. and riding a tiger or a lion.

Skandamata: She is the mother of war, god Skanda or Kartikeya and hence the name Skandamata ('mata' means 'mother'). The chief commander of Devas in their war against demons, she is depicted as having four arms and three eyes. The Goddess is shown as seated on a lotus or riding a lion and she holds the infant Skanda on her lap.

Katyayani: She is the daughter of Katyayana rishi, born in the Katya lineage of saints. The legend says that the saint wished to have the Goddess as his daughter and underwent long austerities to receive Mother Goddess’ grace..

Kaalratri: She is one of the fierce forms of Goddess Durga and is believed to be the destroyer of all evils and negative energies. She is depicted as having a fierce look with a dark complexion, dishevelled hair and burning bright eyes. She rides on a donkey and carries a blood-drenched weapon.

Mahagauri: The name literally means extremely white. The Goddess is white in complexion and very beautiful. She is depicted in a white sari with four hands and riding on a bull. Her upper right arm is in the pose of allaying fear and lower right hand holds a trident. She holds a damaru (tambourine) in her upper left arm and the lower left arm is in the form of a blessing.

Siddhidatri: Siddhi means supernatural power and Dhatri means the giver. She removes ignorance and gives the knowledge to realise brahman or ultimate reality. She is depicted as seated on a lotus and is four-armed. She holds a lotus, mace, Sudarshana Chakra and conch shell on her four arms. It is mentioned that Lord Shiva worshipped her and was blessed with all 8 siddhis - Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Prapti, Prakambya, Ishitva and Vashitva.

These 9 appellations of Goddess Shakthi are respectively worshipped on the 9 nine days of Navratri. Different poojas and observations are associated with each of these appellations. Yet, we can find variations in names and forms in different regions of India. The forms of Devi/Goddess worshipped vary with the regional traditions. Kali, Jagadamba, Annapurna, Sarvamangala, Bhairavi, Chandika, Lalita, Bhavani, Mookambika etc. are some different names/forms worshipped during Navratri.

Regional Variations

Maha Navratri or Navratri commences on the first day (pratipada) of the bright fortnight (shukla paksha) of the lunar month of Ashvin. It ends with the Vijayadashami or Dussehra celebrations on the tenth day (dashami) of the fortnight. The dates of the festival are determined according to the lunar calendar and may have some slight regional variations. Also, the different incarnations/names of Goddess worshipped depend on the regional traditions. Hence, in the ten day celebration from pratipada to dashami, the daily observances and the days of importance vary with different regions in India.

In the regions in North India, Chaitra Navratri and Sharad Navratri are widely observed. It includes fasting and worshipping the forms of Mother Goddess. The 9 day celebrations of Chaitra Navratri culminate in Ram Navami and that of Sharad Navratri in Durga Pooja or Dussehra. The Dussehra celebrations in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh is particularly famous.

In Bengal, the last 4 days of Sharad Navratri are celebrated with much fervour. Those days are observed as Durga Pooja and it is the most important annual festival in the state. Idols of Goddess Durga slaying the demon Mahishasura are erected in temples and other places. These idols are decorated and worshipped during these four days and are immersed in the river on the fifth day (dashami).

In Punjab, the Navratri festival is known as Navaratras or Naratey where the first seven days are for fasting. On the eighth day (Ashtami), devotees break their fasts by inviting young girls to their homes where they are treated as the goddess herself. They are called ‘Kanyak Devis’ and devotees ceremonially wash their feet, worship them and offer traditional delicacies along with bangles, red scarves and a token amount of money called ‘shagun’. Another practice during Navaratras is sowing seeds (pulses or cereals) in a pot on the first day and watering it for the nine days. This practice indicating fertility worship is known as Khetri. The pot is worshipped throughout the nine days, at the end of which the seeds get sprouted.

Navratri is one of the major festivals in Gujarat where devotees celebrate with dancing and singing. Every night of the festival is celebrated by performing Garba or Dayan Raas dance. Devotees conduct Durga Pooja and then accompany together to perform Garba with a live orchestra. For the past few years, Government of Gujarat has been organising the 9 day long Navratri celebrations where natives as well as people from abroad, take part.

In Goa, on the first day of the month Ashwin, devotees install a copper pitcher surrounded by clay in temples or houses. 9 varieties of food grains are sown in it. Devotees celebrate all the nine nights, reciting religious discourses and devotional songs. Also, they arrange a specially decorated swing called Makhar in which an idol of Goddess is placed and is swung according to the music played. This ritual accompanied by orchestra and lamps is called Makharotsav.

In Maharashtra, Ghatasthapana is celebrated from the first day of the month of Ashwin. Ghat arrangement includes an earthen pot filled with water and surrounded by clay in which food grains are sown and allowed to sprout for nine days. Five stems of jowar are also placed over the pot which completes the ‘Ghat’. Women devotees worship the pot for nine days, offering rituals and a garland of flowers, leaves, fruits, dry-fruits etc. Water is also offered to get the seeds sprouted.

Some people conduct Kali Pooja on days 1 and 2, Laxmi Pooja on days 3, 4, 5 and Saraswati Pooja on days 6, 7, 8 & 9 along with Ghatasthapana. A yajna or hom is offered to Goddess Durga on the eighth day. On ninth day, after the Ghat Pooja, it is dissolved by taking off the sprouted leaves of the grains. Some families invite a woman from Matang community and offer food. The woman is treated as a form of the Goddess and blessings are sought from her. On the occasion of Dussehra or Vijayadashmi, devotees worship iron utensils and weapons. The iron equipment is washed and leaves of Apta (called ‘sona’) and sprouted grains are offered. Vidyarambhan – the ceremony marking the beginning of children’s learning is also observed on this day.

Arranging Kolu is an important Navratri observation in Tamil Nadu. It includes a step-like arrangement on which idols/dolls are displayed. The women in neighbourhood invite each other to see the Kolu displays in their homes. They also exchange sweets. Conducting pooja, reciting slokas or hymns and offering food items to the Goddess are also a part of this observation. On the 9th day, Saraswati - the Goddess of wisdom is worshipped. Books, musical instruments etc. are kept for pooja and worshipped. Ayudha Pooja or worship of vehicles and tools is another important observation on this day. All industries and mechanical shops in Tamil Nadu conduct Ayudha Pooja at their premises.

The 10th day or Vijayadasami symbolises a new prosperous beginning devoid of all evils. New ventures started on this day are believed to flourish and kids are often let to start their education on this day. In the evening of Vijayadashami day, prayers are offered to thank God before dismantling the Kolu.

Navratri is celebrated as Dussehra in Karnataka. Ayudha Pooja on Mahanavami (ninth day) is a major observation here and whatever tools/instruments a person uses in his daily life or for his livelihood is kept for worshipping. Devotees believe that the new ventures started on this day can bring success.

The 10 day long Dussehra celebrations have a great fervour in Mysore. King Raja Wodeyar-I of Mysore has declared it as the official festival of the state in 1610. Colourful processions are organised here on the 9th and the 10th days of the festival. The traditional Dussehra procession on Vijayadashami (tenth day) is locally known as Jumboo Savari. During this procession starting from the Mysore palace, an image of Goddess Chamundeshwari will be carried on the back of a decorated elephant. A huge mass of people participates in this procession which also includes music bands, dance groups, elephants, horses and camels. The procession ends at Bannimantapa where a banni tree is worshipped. The ten day celebrations end with a torch light parade ‘Panjina Kavayatthu’ on the night of Vijayadashami.

The major Navratri observation in Kerala is the worship of Goddess Saraswati from Ashtami (8th day) to Vijayadashami. It is observed at temples, homes, schools and offices as well. Books are kept for worship on Ashtami and they are ceremoniously taken out on Vijayadashami after conducting the Pooja. Ayudha Pooja – the worship of tools and vehicles is also a major observation here.

Vidyarambham – initiating children into reading and writing is the most important Navratri observation in Kerala. The event is conducted at homes and temples where the priest or an elderly person initiates children to write ‘Om Harisree Ganapathaye Namah’ on a plate filled with rice. Millions of children are thus initiated into the world of letters and knowledge on Vijayadashami day.

In Telangana, region of Andhra Pradesh, Navratri is celebrated as Bathukamma. Here, the 9 days are divided into sets of 3 days and the three different aspects of the supreme Goddess are worshipped. The three different aspects or the Tridevis are Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswati. On the first 3 days, Durga or Kali is worshipped symbolising the destruction of evils. On the next 3 days, Goddess Lakshmi is adored who bestows wealth and prosperity. In the final 3 days, Goddess Saraswati is worshipped to earn her blessings in our pursuit of knowledge. Thus we would find significant variations in Navratri celebrations in different parts of India. However, the core concept behind the celebration remains same throughout; which is the worship of different aspects of the divine femininity or the supreme Goddess. In some places, the Dussehra celebration is a commemoration of the victory of Lord Ram over Ravana. Thus on Vijayadashami day, effigies of Ravana, Kumbhakarna and Meghanada are burnt as part of the celebration.


The Hindu concept of Durga or Shakthi is a manifestation of the omnipresent energy of the universe. She is the energy behind the creation, preservation and destruction. During Navratri, we worship the different aspects of this energy and this agrees with the scientific fact that energy can neither be created nor be destroyed. 

Hinduism gives much importance to the mother aspect of the God. The universe or the world we live in has the qualities of a mother. Just as a mother loves, cares and gives all comforts to her children, nature provides everything for preserving life. The divine power controls the movement of celestial bodies. It makes the Earth rotate and revolve around the Sun; causing day and night and climatic changes, creating a perfect abode for sustaining life. Hence, we worship this energy as Mother Goddess. 

We observe Navratri at the beginning of summer and at the beginning of winter which are the two important junctures of climatic change. Our ancestors have chosen these occasions as the sacred opportunities for worshiping the divine energy.

Some Notes on Pada and Upapada

Some Notes on Pada and Upapada
The word Upa is a Sanskrit term meaning secondary. The terms Pada and Upapada can be equated with president and vice president respectively in terms of their implication and relative importance. If the Ascendant is the president whose Pada is the main Pada then we have to find out which house is next to it in importance and can rule the horoscope when the Ascendant is weak. Anuchara means follower of one or the next who posseses power in the absence of the primary one. It is also known as Gouna Pada signifying secondary status.

The word Pitra signifies the Ascendant according to the Katapayadi system. Now the question arises as to which house is the follower and next to the Ascendant in importance so that it can assume the role of the Ascendant in a horoscope. There are divergent views in this regard. Some takes it as  the 2nd house and 12th house. It is difficult to find the correct Arguments in favor of the 2nd house are meaning of a Sutra. Every scholar has his own arguments and examples to prove his viewpoint .

The Jaimini system always prefers the 7th house in the case of the Ascendant being weak. The Upapada is seen for matters related to marriage. The basic concept of the Pada theory is that the Pada is referred to for matters related to the house whose Pada it is. So it is logical to study matters of marriage by the Pada of the 7th house. Upapada is seen for such matter which is why Jaimini indicates the 7th house by the word Anuchara.

Divergent Views

The second house signifies family, household (Kutumba) and finance. The 12th house rules loss, bed pleasures, sleep, secrecy (secret sin) and salvation.

Arguments in favor of the 2nd house are that word Pitra signifies the Ascendant as per Katapayadi system and Anuchara means follower, the next sign to come in the place of the Ascendant after time. One may  have a family and household but this can be without marriage or wife. So the 2nd house cannot have such great importance regarding wife for which Jaimini  has been describing a separate Pada as important as Pada of the Ascendant.

The 12th house is considered by some as it is the Anuchara or the follower being just behind the Ascendant (Pitra) just as a disciple remains behind the master. Though the 12th house is related to not only bed pleasures but also sleep or intimacy of a secretive nature (sin), Jaimini has assigned the matter of marriage to the 12th house as intimacy after marriage is socially accepted and not something secretive.

The argument in favor of the 5th house is Pitra being for the father, Anuchara indicating the son, the 5th house ruling the son can be considered but here both terms are not taken as per Katapayadi system.

The 5th house is mainly known for progeny, the fruit of marriage. How then can it be taken for both marriage and progeny!

The house where the Ascendant lord is placed is very important. But the word Anuchara does not reflect such importance. Hence we cannot adopt it for the purpose of Upapada though it could be a separate new method to examine a horoscope.

The oldest commentators of the Jaimini Sutras have taken the Pada of the 7th house for the purpose of Upapada in saying सप्त्मत्पदमुपदं (Saptmatpadmupadam) according to Dr. Suresh Chandra -Mishra in his Hindi commentary on the Jaimini Sutras. He himself, however, supports the Pada of the 12th house.

Some commentators take the word पित्र्यनुचरात्   instead of पित्रनुचरात्  and translate it to mean
the 7th house as per Katapayadi system as पित्रयानुचरात्  depicts the numeral seven.

Determination of Pada
यावदीशासास्त्रयपदमृक्षाणां (1-1-29)

According to the definition of Pada: As far as a sign-lord is removed from its sign that far away is the Pada from the sign-lord.

Now the question is of the unit. Should it be in terms of signs or it in terms of longitude?

According to the following two Sutras of Jamini, 

केन्द्र्त्रिकोनोपचयेशु  द्वयोमैत्री 
रिपुरोगचिन्तासु वैरम् ॥

The mutual disposition of the Padas of the Ascendant and the 7th house in Kendras, konas or in Upachayas is good increasing friendliness. If it is the 6th , 8th or the 12th from the Pada of the Ascendant, disharmony between the couple is feared.

If we count house-wise, only odd houses are possible as the Pada of the ascendant. So the 6th, 8th or 12th position from the Ascendant are not possible. Secondly we cannot examine further sub-divisions of a Pada. Hence longitudinal distance must be preferred to obtain a  Pada of a a house with the following formula:

Pada= longitude of house lord - longitude of a house + longitude of house lord

The calculation of the house must be according to the method of Sripati for best results in my experience.

Some say the 1st and the 7th house are not eligible to attain the rank of the Pada. Instead of them the 10th and 4th houses are to be taken. this is not acceptable. Two Sutras in favor of this view are quoted but these Sutras are only example Sutras and not exceptions. These are no Sutras in favor of the 10th and 4th houses. See the related Sutras,
स्वस्थे दार
सुतस्थे जन्म

Only one word in a Sutra can be taken to draw out its hidden meaning according to the Katapayadi system. This is  a general practical method in using Katapayadi system in Jaimini Sutras - refer to only one word in a Sutra. Hence both the words Swa and Dara or Sut and Janm cannot be considered. only one word in these Sutras Swa and Sut are subjected to the Katapayadi scheme. The word Swa signifies 4 and Sut signifies7 and the true meaning of the Sutras are such that if the Ascendant lord is in the 4th house, the Pada will be in the 7th house (Dara) and if in the 7th house, the Pada will be in the 1st house (Janma)

Tatra and Atra

A particular house is examined to find out about its significations, not the 2nd from that house. Likewise, in Jaimini too the Pada itself is important; then why prefer the 2nd house over it? Perhaps the 2nd house has something to do with marriage matters. No, the 2nd house has nothing to do with marriage matters and if something is there then it is in a very remote sense. The 7th house is the prime house for marriage and the Upapada is calculated for the purpose of this house. Commentators have been misled by the word Tatra taking the meaning of Katapayadi which is not appropriate in this Sutra.
तत्र पापस्य पापयोगे 
प्रवज्या दारनाशो वा ॥

Tatra is the opposite of Atra. Tatra means there and Atra means here. Wherever the word Atra is used in a Jaimini Sutra it signifies only here. Hence the true meaning of the word Tatra is there indicating towards the Upapada itself.

I have noted several Sutras containing the word Tatra in the Jaimini Sutras and find most of them are used to mean there without any doubt whereas at a few places it is not clear whether it is used for there or for two or the second. Whenever Jaimini wants to indicate the 2nd house, he uses the word Bhagya. Why would he create confusion by using Tatra for the 2nd house!

भाग्ये चैवम् ॥ 1-2-116 , Also from 2nd house!
भाग्ये  केतौ  पापदृष्टे  स्तब्धवाक् ॥ 1-2-118

Ketu in the 2nd house from Karakamsa, aspected by a malefic produces stammering and other speech defects.
स्वपितृपदाद्  भाग्यरोगयो 
पापे साम्ये केमद्रुम ∶

Malefics simultaneously in the 2nd and 8th houses from the Ascendant Pada or Karakamsa cause Kemadruma Yoga.
लाभेशाद भाग्यभे राहो दंष्टावान् 

Rahu in the 2nd from the lord of the 7th house from Upapada shows the native will have ugly teeth.

भग्यदरयोगृहयुक्त  समानेषु साम्प्रत :

If these Rajayogas (vide previous stanzas) occur in the 2nd, 4th house, they fructify early in life.

भाग्यचन्द्रयो : प्रणिमुर्वम् ‖

The 2nd house from the Moon represents the face.
Hence the word Tatra does not indicate 2nd house in any Sutra. Every Sutra has a hidden meaning calling for much practical study and logical thinking. Let us look at some cases in this context.

Chart 1: Wife: Born December 24, 1973, at 3h.36m. at 22N 45, 78 E 21
Chart 2: Husband: Born march 2, 1961, at 11h. 05m. at 21N 09, 79 E 21

Chart 1

The native of Chart 1 rejected her husband  (Chart 2) because of his crazy behaviour after the birth of their child. Her Pada (P1) in Aries and Upapada (P7) pisces are mutually in 1-12 positions relationship. Her Upapada is the 6th from the Ascendant and in the 12th from Pada. The Upapada in the 6th house is within the aspect of an afflicted sat urn.

The Pada is in Aquarius and the Upapada in Capricorn in Chart 2. Both are mutually in 2-12 positions. The Upapada is occupied by its lord Saturn but who is with a planet in debility and within the aspect of Mars. Hence Upapada and its lord are both under affliction.

Chart 3: Husband: Born March 3, 1977 at 04h. 00m. at 22 N 58, 79 E 15.
Chart 4: Wife: Born May 12, 1981 at 06h. 15m. at 23 N 10, 79 E 57.

Chart 2

The natives of chart 3 and his wife (Chart 4 ) have filed for divorce after about 2 years of marriage.
The Pada and Upapada in chart 3 are mutually in 6-8 positions. The Upapada sign Cancer has its lord moon in it but who is in debility in Navamsa. Further, the Upapada and its lord are both under the influence of Saturn and Mars.

The Pada and Upapada in chart 4 are in mutual in 6-8 positions. Further the Upapada in Virgo is under the impact of Saturn by position and of Ketu through aspect. In the Navamsa, this point is occupied by mars aspect by Saturn.

Courtesy : Modern Astrology (Raghavendra Khare)


Jupiter - Saturn Impact on Natural Disasters

Jupiter -Saturn Impact on Natural Disasters

Planetary Impact

Invoking the wisdom of the great sages Varahamihira and Parasara, DR. B. V. RAMAN drew attention to the fateful combination of the nultaneous transit of Krittika and Visakha respectively by Saturn and Jupiter during October and November 1970, which according to the sages forebode "terrible calamity for mankind" (THE ASTROLOGICAL MAGAZINE, January 1970). Such an eventuality envisaged nearly 2000 years in advance was remarkably fulfilled when a terrific cyclone struck the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent on November 13, 1970 wrecking havoc and leaving nearly half a million people dead, in what was one of the worst human disasters on record. Saturn in Aries ranged opposite Jupiter in Libra was greatly energized in alignment with the Full Moon releasing great devastating power. The sages thus provided the clue to the inherent potential of the superior planets Saturn and Jupiter as indicators of deadly calamities when in mutual opposition and conjunction position. We present below the incidence of some of the most catastrophic natural calamities that have struck in different parts of the world under the impact of the mighty planets Jupiter and Saturn coming together in conjunction or moving apart in opposition supporting the inference drawn by the sages.

Movable signs

Opposition across Aries -Libra

(i) With Jupiter in Aries disposed opposite Saturn during 2012, North America reeled under unusually high temperature leading to severe drought that affected 38 percent of US crops of corn and soyabean.

(ii) North Korea too was affected by the worst drought in a century in 2012 resulting in severe damage to livestock and agriculture.

(iii) Nigeria suffered from unprecedented floods resulting from heavy prolonged rains in 2012 submerging large areas.Nearly 1.3 million people were displaced with many casualities.

(iv) In December 2011 Typhoon Washi caused catastrophic damage and heavy casualties in Mindanao region of Philippines.

(v) The failure of the 1999 monsoon led to severe drought in 12 districts with Gujarat and Rajasthan the worst affected in 1999-2000 in India. Loss of crops and water scarcity caused great suffering.

(vi) A most devastating cyclone struck Bangladesh on November 13, 1970 causing heavy destruction and over 300,000 fatalities.

(vii) Peru was hit by a devastating earthquake on May 31, 1970 inflicting great destruction and leaving 66,794 people dead.

(viii) During the earlier round of Jupiter in Aries opposite Saturn severe windstorms in Europe caused tides in Netherlands and England on the night of January 31, 1953 resulting in the disastrous North Sea flood of 1953. The water level rode by 6.2 meters above sea level and caused extensive flooding and damage to the coastline. Thousands were evacuated and over 2000 people died.

(ix) During Saturn's transit in Aries opposite Jupiter in Libra in 1911, a great earthquake of 8.4 magnitude struck Kazakhstan on January 3, 1911 causing extensive ground movement and destruction with many fatalities.

(x) In 1911, China also suffered a great calamity with a major flood in the Yangtze River wrecking havoc and claiming nearly 100,000 lives.

(xi) There is also a record of devastating volcanic eruption in Japan in 1792 when the two superior planets were similarly disposed. The violent eruption caused avalanches and tsunami that killed 14,300 people in Kyushu Island.

(xii) Lack of rains resulted in severe famine in Deccan, Maratha, Gujarat and Marwar in 1792 inflicting heavy mortality.

Conjunction in Aries

(i) Severe drought in the US Midwest during 2000-2004 affected crops with extreme damage to environment, leaving dry forests and depleted river basins. North-east US was also affected by a severe drought in 1999.

(ii) During the transit of Saturn-Jupiter together in Aries in 1999-2000, Orissa was battered by a devastating supercyclone on October 29, 1999 wrecking havoc. Millions of people were affected by the cyclone and thousands killed. The disposition of the Nodes quadrangular to Saturn-Jupiter made the combination more potent.

(iii) Earlier Turkey was hit by a powerful earthquake on August 17, 1999 causing great destruction and loss of 17480 lives.

(iv) In December 1999, Venezuela suffered a great calamity from heavy mud slides and floods resulting in great destruction of property and death of nearly 20,000 people. The town of Los Corales was buried under 3 meters of mud and several towns disappeared.

(v) Mozambique was hit by catastrophic floods in Limpopo River caused by heavy rainfall for 5 weeks during February-March 2000 severely damaging crops and killing many people.

(vi) China was affected by a severe famine in 1941 during the earlier round of Jupiter-Saturn coming together in Aries. Nearly 3 million people perished in the calamity.

(vii) The Andaman Islands were struck by a major earthquake of magnitude 7.9 on December 31, 1881 generating a destructive tsunami under the impact of Jupiter-Saturn together in Aries.

(viii) Earlier, the Missouri River in spate from April 6-27 caused the Great Iowa Flood of 1881 flooding Iowa and inflicting heavy damage and loss.

(ix) A great calamity struck Barisal in erstwhile Bengal in May 1822 in the wake of Jupiter-Saturn coming together in Aries when the tidal waves produced by a severe storm caused great damage and loss of nearly 40,000 lives.

(x) Complete failure of potato crop led to acute food shortage and starvation deaths in the Ireland famine of 1821-1822.

Opposition across Cancer - Capricorn

(i) Bangladesh in Indian subcontinent suffered another deadly calamity in 1990 during the transit of Jupiter in Cancer opposite Saturn in Capricorn. A terrific cyclone devastated coastal Bangladesh on April 30, 1991 with nearly 250,000 fatalities.

(ii) Massive drought in Somalia from 1991 to 1994 combined with the war to cause severe famine in which nearly 30,000 people were starved to death.

(iii) Severe cyclone struck East Pakistan on May 9, 1961 causing much destruction and loss of over 11,000 lives.

(iv) Holodomor, Ukraine famine of 1932-1934 resulted from heavy crop failure and led to the death of about 5 million people during the disposition of Jupiter in Cancer opposite Saturn in Capricorn.

(v) The Great European Famine of 1315-1317 that took a toll of about 7.5 million lives was occasioned during the transit of Jupiter in Cancer opposite Saturn in Capricorn.

Conjunction in Capricorn

(i) Mt Pelee Volcano in Martinique exploded on May 8, 1902 and within minutes Saint-Pierre City was in shambles, burning to death all but two of its nearly 30,000 inhabitants under the impact of Jupiter-Saturn conjunction in Capricorn. A day earlier Soufriere Volcano in St. Vincent had erupted with much devastation.

(ii) Large-scale drought in Australia in 1902 caused enormous loss of crops and livestock.

(iii) India suffered a deadly famine in 1344-1345 causing severe starvation and heavy fatality with Jupiter and Saturn conjoined in Capricorn.

(iv) Japan was rocked by six years of drought, famine and disease from 1226-1231 causing immense suffering and mortality under the influence of Jupiter and Saturn coming together in 1226.

Fixed Signs

Opposition across Taurus - Scorpio

(i) Severe flooding of the Red River in 1971 resulting from torrential rains overwhelming the dyke system around heavily populated delta area caused heavy destruction of the crops. Nearly 100,000 people perished in the disaster. Saturn in Taurus was ranged opposite Jupiter in Scorpio.

(ii) With Jupiter positioned in Taurus opposite Saturn in Scorpio Sicily became the victim of a devastating earthquake on January 11,1693. It generated a powerful tsunami leaving two-third of Catania in ruins and 60,000 inhabitants dead.

(iii) Chile bore the brunt of one of the strongest and most destructive earthquakes that struck on May 25, 1751. The great shock lasted about 6 minutes and produced powerful tsunami. The calamity struck under Jupiter's sojourn in Taurus opposite Saturn.

Opposition across Leo - Aquarius

(i) Texas suffered a most severe drought starting from 1950-51 with southwestern US and New Mexico also badly affected.

(ii) The Great Assam earthquake of August 15, 1950 came in the wake of Saturn transiting Leo opposite Jupiter in Aquarius. The 8.7    magnitude earthquake caused heavy destruction and loss of life.

(iii) Dry weather in 1890 and 1891 along Volga River extending up to Urals and Black Sea resulted in severe drought that led to catastrophic famine in which half a million people perished. Here also Saturn in Leo was disposed opposite Jupiter in Aquarius.

Conjunction across Taurus

(i) Worst in 100 years, Canada suffered the most extensive and costly drought in 2001-2002 badly affecting the Prairies with heavy loss of crops.

(ii) The Summer drought in 2001 affected much of Central America from Nicaragua to Guatemala causing heavy crop failure

(iii) The conjunction of Saturn and Jupiter in Taurus unleashed a devastating earthquake in Bhuj on January 26, 2001 causing great destruction and over 10,000 fatalities.

(iv) Saturn and Jupiter were together in 1941 when a major disaster struck Peru. A huge glacier piece fell into the lake producing high waves that breached moraine walls and submerged Huarez City. The disaster caused heavy damage and nearly 5000 deaths.

Conjunction in Leo

(i) Jupiter-Saturn joined together in Leo during the massive crop failure in Ukraine leading to a severe famine in 1922-1923 in which nearly 5 million people perished.

(ii) California was subjected to severe drought from 1862-1865 wrecking havoc in most parts of the region under the impact of Jupiter- Saturn in Leo.

Common Signs

Opposition across Gemini - Sagittarius

(i) Under Jupiter's transit in Gemini opposite Saturn, the Loma Prieta earthquake struck the US on September 17, 1989 causing much destruction.

(ii) The US seismic disaster was followed by the deadly Rudbar earthquake hitting Iran on June 20, 1990 with devastating force causing great destruction and killing 40,000 inhabitants.

(iii) During the movement of Jupiter in Gemini opposite Saturn during 1930-1931, Napier in New Zealand was struck by a massive earthquake on February 2, 1931, the shock lasting 2.5 minutes and destroying most of the city with many fatalities.

(iv) Earlier Dominican Republic in the Caribbean was hit by one of the worst storms on September 1-5, 1930, largely destroying the capital city of Santo Domingo and killing nearly 8000 people.

(v) The progression of Jupiter in Gemini opposite Saturn during 1811-1812 led to a succession of great earthquakes in New Madrid. USA on December 16, January 23 and February 7,1811 destroying half the town of New Madrid. Venezuela also suffered great destruction by a deadly earthquake striking on March 21, 1812 and taking a toll of over 26,000 lives.

(vi) Massive famine in France during 1693-1694 left 1.3 million people dead under Jupiter's transit in Gemini opposite Saturn.

Opposition across Virgo - Pisces

(i) Japan suffered her worst calamity when the Mega earthquake of magnitude 9.0 struck off Pacific Coast on March 11, 2011 raising powerful tsunami waves that rose up to 6 meters and caused extensive devastation in Miyako. The nuclear plant suffered serious damage, causing radiation leakage and 15883 people lost their life. The disposition of the Nodes across Gemini-Sagittarius quadrangular to Saturn- Jupiter added to the fury of the calamity.

(ii) A stream of 336 terrible tornadoes swept across USA between April 25-28, 2011 causing widespread devastation and loss of 353 lives. Another set of violent tornadoes swept through Midwest US from May 21-26 wrecking heavy destruction and 175 fatalities.

(iii) Mt Merapi in Philippines erupted explosively on October 25-26,2010 causing great damage and loss of lives.

(iv) Powerful earthquake on September 3, 2010 caused widespread devastation in Christchurch, New Zealand.

(v) Pakistan suffered her worst floods in July- August 2010 with vast areas inundated causing devastation and loss of hundreds of lives.

(vi) Devastating floods hit Central Europe from May 20 to June 10, 2010 with Poland the worst affected.

(vii) The Great Tokachi-Oki earthquake of magnitude 8.3 hit Japan on March 4, 1952 producing tsunami and causing heavy damage and casualties under Jupiter in Pisces opposite Saturn.

(viii) Earlier, the Great Flood of Kansas in 1951 was the most devastating for the Kansas City, inundating the district with 4.5 to 9 meters of water.

(ix) During Jupiter's stay in Virgo opposite Saturn in Pisces in 1732 Japan went through widespread famine resulting from the devastation to the crops by locusts. The calamity affected nearly 1.6 million people leaving 17,000 dead.

Conjunction in Virgo

(i) Jupiter-Saturn joining in Virgo led to a devastating tropical storm striking China on August 2-3, 1928 and causing great damage and death of over 50,000 inhabitants.

(ii) The Great California Flood of January 9-12, 1862 resulting from continuous rainfall caused great calamity with the entire Sacramento and San Joaquin Valleys getting inundated over 400-480 km in the wake of Jupiter joining Saturn in Virgo.

Conjunction in Sagittarius

(i) Jupiter-Saturn conjunction in Sagittarius led to the Great Chilean Earthquake of May 22, 1960, possibly the largest earthquake in recorded history reaching the magnitude of 9.5. It caused landslides and tsunami waves 25 meter high wrecking destruction and leaving over 6000 dead.

(ii) In the deadliest earthquake to strike Morocco on February 29, 1960 Agadir was almost destroyed and nearly 15,000 people perished.

(iii) A long period of dry weather culminated in large scale drought in Australia in 1902 causing enormous loss of livestock and crops to inflict great suffering to the people. Both the superior planets were together in Sagittarius.

(iv) The Great Calabria Earthquake in Italy struck on February 5, 1783 with devastation, generating 20-ft tsunami waves and leaving 35000 dead in the wake of Jupiter joining Saturn in Sagittarius.

(v) With the passage of Jupiter-Saturn together in Sagittarius in 1782 South India including the Mysore Kingdom and Madras territory weathered the catastrophic famine which claimed millions of lives.

Conjunction in Pisces

(i) The conjunction of Jupiter-Saturn in Pisces resulted in a famine in Ireland during 1821-1822 following complete failure of potato crops and leading to starvation deaths.


(i) It is observed that the mutable signs are the most vulnerable to major catastrophes under stimulation of the superior planets Jupiter and Saturn followed by their disposition in common signs and the immutable signs appear to be the least vulnerable.

(ii) The movable sign Aries appears to be the most vulnerable for Saturn-Jupiter to be in conjunction or in opposition.

(iii) The movable sign Cancer, the fixed signs Scorpio and Aquarius and the common sign Gemini are least affected by the joint impact of Jupiter-Saturn in affecting major calamities.

Courtesy: Modern Astrology (S. K. Kapoor)


Interpreting Bhinnashtakavarga

Interpreting Bhinnashtakavarga

Special Significance
The Bhinnashtakavarga provides certain keys for judging the worth or utility of some signs containing 0 or 8 bindus and also for evaluating the potency of transits through them. Zero or nil bindus sign means a sign without any benefic place (point or bindu). In the Bhinnashtakavarga of any planet, if any sign is without a bindu, it has some special significance. A sign may contain from 0 to 8 bindus.

In the Bhinnashtakavarga of Mercury (54 bindus Jupiter (56 bindus) and Venus (52 bindus), one can find a sign having 5 bindus, but to have a sign without any bindu or 0 bindus is rare. On the contrary, 8 bindus in any sign in Bhinnashtakavargas of Mars and Saturn is a rarity, while 0 bindu sign is found very often in them.

Transit of Zero Bindu Signs
When each of the seven planets beginning with the Sun to Saturn transits through a sign in their respective Bhinnashtalcanargas having 0 bindus, the results are as follows:
(i) Sun - Death or its equivalent troubles.
(ii) Moon - Sorrow anxiety, unexpected death
(iii) Mars -  Stomach-ache, fainting, eye disease, death.
(iv) Mercury - Loss of everything (through enemies and intrigue) and consequent death.
(v) Jupiter - Loss of wealth or relations or children, becoming dull.
(vi) Venus - All kinds of calamities and
(vii) Saturn - Loss of everything, probability of death.
Death would be a certainty if on a day, the sum of the bindus associated with the seven planets in the signs transited by them (in their respective Bhinnashtakavargas) be very little.

Chart 1: Male : Born December 31, 1915 at 19h 44m.(IST) at 23N@,72E30, with a balance 10years 6 months 3 days of Rahu dasa at birth.
chart 1
Each planet from the Sun to Venus (six planets) gives a bindu to the sign occupied by himself. The result is that each of them can be associated with a minimum 1 bindu and a maximum of 8 bindus. Saturn does not contribute a bindu to the sign occupied by himself; as such Saturn can be associated with minimum 0 bindus and with maximum 7 bindus only and never, 8.

Zero Bindu Signs

This subject has been treated in two different ways:
1)    0 bindu sign having a planet (out of the remaining six planets) in the Bhinnashtakavarga of a planet;
2)    0 bindu sign not having a planet in it.

The results given for the planets and houses are often found to be very accurate. In Chart 1, in Saturn's Bhinnashtakavarga., there is no bindu in the 8th house from the Ascendant. The native remained hale and hearty throughout his long life of more than 80 years.
In Chart 2, in Jupiter's Bhinnashtakavarga, the 12th house from the Ascendant has no bindu. The native, though born in a middle class family, was well-to-do. In Chart 3, in Saturn's Bhinnashtakavarga the 7th house has no bindu.

Houses with Zero Bindus
The various houses (signs) in any Bhinnashtakavarga having 0 bindu give the following results:-
First House - one suffers from serious disease.
Second-Very poor.
Third - Weak-bodied not daring.
Fourth -Unhappy.
Fifth -  Evil-minded.
Sixth - Successful (victorious).
Seventh - Without marital happiness, loss of wife.
Eighth - Healthy, long-lived.
Ninth - Doing sinful deeds.
Tenth - Without honor, inactive.
Eleventh - A beggar, without income.
Twelfth - Wealthy.

The native's wife never enjoyed sound health and was always complaining of aches and pains. According to Phaladeepika (XV-12) 

खेटो  बिन्दुशून्यर्क्ष युक्त : |
    तत्तपाके मूर्तिभावादिकानां नाशं  व्रयादैवविप्रा श्नकाय ॥

The destruction of a Bhava from the Ascendant onward should be predicted by the astrologer to a querist, during the Dasa or Bhukti of a planet which occupies a house (sign) where there is no bindu. In Chart 1, in Saturn's Bhinnashtakavarga there is no bindu in Aquarius sign (the 8th house) which is occupied by Jupiter. So Jupiter Dasa (or Bhukti) should destroy the 8th house or be adverse to the native as far as health is concerned.

From the research point of view, the converse (opposite) can also be considered. For instance, there can be enhancement of a Bhava during the Dasa or Bhukti of a planet which occupies a house (sign) where there are 8 bindus in Bhinnashtakavarga of any planet. In Chart 1, in Venus Bhinnashtakavarga there are 8 bindus in Libra (the 4th house) which is occupied by the Moon. So the Moon Dasa or Bhukti should enhance the good results of the 4th house.

The unfavourable results pertaining to the 8th house during Jupiter Bhukti in various Dasa and favourable results pertaining to the 4th house during the Moon Bhuktis in various Dasas were more or less actually experienced by the native.

According to Chandrakala Nadi, Vol-II (Part I, V-439)

सूर्याष्टवर्गे नवमे बिन्दु शून्ये प्रजायते
पित्रुव्यद्वेषमूलेन स्वपित्र रिष्टमादिशेत

If there is 0 bindu in the 9th house (sign) from the Ascendant in the Sun's Bhinnashtakavarga., the native's father's ill-luck, misfortune, injury, loss or calamity is caused by the enmity of father's brethren. The Sun gives a bindu in the 9th place from him while the ascendant does not contribute a bindu in the 9th place; hence Navame is interpreted as the 9th from the Ascendant.

This principle can be applied to other Karakas also such as the Moon for mother and Venus for wife.
According to Chandrakala Nadi, Vol II(Part I, V-417)

भिन्नाष्टकवर्गे लग्नेशे फलहीनस्य राशिषु Iस्फुटयोगं गते जीवेत्वलपसौरव्य˙‖

When Jupitor transits a sign of the Ascendant, withouta bindu in the Bhinnashtakavarga, of the lord of the Ascendant, on the degree of the Ascendant (Sphutayogam) the native has very little happiness .

The lord of Ascendant can be any one of the seven planets. Jupiter's transit in the Bhinnashtakavarga of the Sun, in  a sign having 0 bindus and the transit of the Sun and Saturn concurrently taken into accout cause ill-health, severe sickness and perhaps death.

 Transits in Bhinnashtakavarga
 a) SUN - When the Sun transits a sign having 0 bindus in his Bhinnashtakavarga, the solar month represented by that sign every year is auspicious for marriage and other religious functions, quarrels and other miseries occur during that month.
 b) MOON - (i)When the Moon transits a sign void of a bindu in his bhinnashtakavarga, one should perform any auspicious work, because all functions undertaken will end in failure. (ii) Even contact or association with persons having their Moon in a sign containing 0 bindu(in the Moon's Bhinnashtakavarga.)The will result in great disaster.
(c) Mars - Vararuchi, Ch.IV, V.2l

  कुजाष्टकवर्गे...सोदरे बिंदुहीने च भ्रातृहीनों भवेत्र्र :

         (a) If the 3rd house from Mars in his Bhinnashtakavarga is without a bindu, the native has no brother (or sister), (b)When Mars in his  Bhinnashtakavarga transits through a sign without a bindu, the brother or sister of the native will suffer miseries, ill-health, injury etc.

(d)Mercury - If the 2nd house from Mercury in his Bhinnashtakavarga. contains not even  the one bindu, the person born will be dumb.
(e) Jupiter - Practically all standard texts on astrology refer to the 5th house from Jupiter to determine the number of children. But Balabhadra refers to the 9th house from Jupiter in the following verse :

Hora Ratnam, Part II (P. 354, Verse I)

गुरोरष्टकवर्गेषु संतानमपि कल्पयेत|गुरो ∶स्थितः शुभस्थाने विघते यवथा फलम ‖

Chart 2: Male: Born July 28, 1923 at 5h.48m. (lST) at 23N2, 72E39, with a balance 9 years 10 month,1 day of Moon Dasa at birth.
Chart 2

In support of this view, refer to Chart 2, There is no bindu in the 9th house from Jupiter in his Bhinnashtakavarga. The native had no children and died on June 2, 1990 (67th year) when Jupiter was transiting the 12th house (Gemini sign) without a bindu. No doubt, as
referred earlier, the native, having 0 bindu in the l2th house from the Ascendant, was wealthy.
Further research on this point is necessary.

(f) Venus - According to Prabudh Hora Navarna (1- 47)

अल्परेखान्विते शूक्रवर्गराशिगत शनौ Ι
नारीवियोगजं ढु :खं तदा वाधं सुरिभे :॥
Learned astrologers say that when Saturn transits a sign having very few bindus (nil or one) in Venus' Bhinnashtakavarga., a native suffers from the pangs of separation from his wife (absence of conjugal hoppiness, staying away from wife on account of some unavoidable circumstances).

 (g) Saturn :-(i) When Saturn transits a sign  without a bindu in the Bhinnashtakavarga of the Sun etc., he generally causes acute diseases, miseries, uneasiness, fear from enemies and afflictions to the father and other relations according to their Karakattwa.

Saturn is the Karaka for oneself, the Sun for the father, the Moon for the mother, Mars for the brothers, Mercury for relations and maternal
uncle or aunt, Jupiter for the children and Venus, for the wife.
(ii) According to Vararuchi, Chap IV(62-63)
दुष्टस्थानधिपाथे मन्द दुष्टस्यानांस्थातोपि वा ॥अत्प बुद्धि समायाते जातौ दैन्य मवन्पुयात् lरोगी भवति दुष्टात्मा विद्दभावे मरिष्यति ॥
If Saturn, occupying or owning the 6th, the 8th or the l2th house is associated with one bindu, the native suffers poverty. If such a Saturn is associated with 0 bindus (in the natal chart) the native is a wicked man or suffers from diseases or dies a premature death.
(iii) Narada says,
If Saturn is associated with 0 bindu MAY 2015 in his Bhinnashtakavarga of Saturn in any sign in the natal chart short life will result or the native will lose all his wealth.

Chart 3: Male: Born October 7, 1935, at 5h.10m at23N2, 72E39, with a balance of 9 years 6 days of Moon Dasa at birth.
Chart 3
In Chart 3, Satum, lord of the 6th house is in the 7th house. In the Bhinnashtakavarga of Saturn, the 7th house has no bindu. The native,though born in a rich family, passed through  dire circumstances. He lost the greater part of his paternal wealth in the mid-80's.

(iv) Find which house (sign) has the minimum number of bindus in the Bhinnashtakavarga., of Saturn. Some kind of trouble will be happening daily at the time when that sign rises in the East (i.e., when that sign becomes the Ascendant).
(v) Find, out the sign with 0 bindus in Bhinnashtakavarga. of Saturn. When Saturn transits that sign, no good results promised by that sign (house) will happen and the native will suffer physical ailments (or bodily sufferings) or incur loss of wealth. 
If the Sun and the Moon along with Saturn transit the said sign and if the Dasa or Bhukti of a Maraka planet is in progress, death may
take place.

Courtesy: Modern Astrology (C.S Patel)