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September 15, 2017

The Ingenious Vimshottari Dasa System - Part IB

The Ingenious Vimshottari Dasa System - Part IB

Aryabhata's division of Zodiac
In the Aryabhata system, with the introduction of the Rasi system, the ecliptic was divided into 12 equal parts. Each equal part contained two Nakshatra. There were 24 Nakshatras and total number of  NakshatraPadas(quarters) in one sign equalled 8 Padas. In this way the total number of NakshatraPadas was 8x12=96 Padas.

This type of division has been inferred from Arya Siddhanta of Aryabhata where he has given the maximum limit of Equinox as oscillating 24° on either side as shown in Figure I.
Figure1

A to B is 90°. B to C is again 90°. Thus the whole ecliptic is divided into 4 quarters or 90° x 4 = 360°. Aryabhata says that the Equinox moves 24° from point A to point B. The value diminishes from B to C and becomes zero at point C and again increases from C to D and diminishes from D to A becoming zero at A.

In this way the Equinox moves the entire circle sometimes up and sometimes down, thus orbiting a total of 24 x 4 = 96°.
The Aryabhata system consists of 96 Nakshatra Padas and the Equinox moves 96°in total. Therefore Aryabhata equates one degree of Precession to one Nakshatra Pada.
In Figure 1, A to B demarcates 3 signs or Aries, Taurus and Gemini. Point B to C demarcates 3 signs Cancer, Leo and Virgo. C to D includes Libra, Scorpio and Sagittarius while D to A shows Capricorn, Aquarius and Pisces. Each sign consists of 8 Padas as per the scheme of Aryabhata. Therefore three signs consist of 8x 3 = 24 Padas.
In this way the maximum movement of the Equinox was determined to be 24°. The maximum years allotted to the Equinox to move the entire circle was given as 7472 years.
Thus one quarter of that period
= 7472 x 1 / 4 = 1868 years.
That is, the Equinox would take 1868 years to traverse 24° in each quarter either increasing or decreasing in value.
The movement of the Equinox was linked with the Nakshatras and Rasis in the following way:-
(a)Point A to B, Point B to C, Point C to D, Point D to A are Equinoctial and Solsticial points. The distance between these points is equal to 3 signs.
(b)Each sign contains 8 Nakshatra Padas. Therefore there are 24 Padas of Nakshatras between each Equinoctial and Solstical points. Therefore the four points contain 24 x 4 = 96 Padas.


The 96 Padas are equal to 96° movement of the Equinox. It means one degree Equinox precedes one Pada of Nakshatra.
(c)The series consists of 24 Nakshatras as shown in Table II 

Nakshatras as per Aryabhata

S.No
S.no
1Krittika13Vishaka
2Rohini14Anuradha
3Mrigasira15Jyeshta
4Aridra16Moola
5Punarvasu17Ashada
6Pushya18Sravan
7Aslesha19Dhanishta
8Makha20Satabhisha
9Phalguni21Bhadrapada
10Hasta22Revati
11Chitta23Aswini
12Swati24Bharani

(d)The Rasis or signs contain these Nakshatras as shown in Table III. 

Nakshatras allotted to Rasis 

S.NoRasiNakshatra
1AriesKrittika+Rohini
2TaurusMrigasira+Aridra
3GeminiPunarvasu+Pushya
4CancerAslesha+makha
5LeoPhalguni+Hasta
6VirgoChitta+Swati
7LibraVishaka+Anuradha
8ScorpioJyeshta+Moola
9SagittariusAshada+Sravana
10CapricornDhanishta+Satabhisha
11AquariusBhadrapada+Revati
12PiscesAswini+Bharani

(e)Each Nakshatra in the above series was given an arc of 15°.
360/24 = 15°. It is also to be noted that the Earth rotates 15° in one hour i.e. one Nakshatra was in fact the time to represent the rotation of the Earth. The Nakshatra, in ancient astronomy, was used as an unit of time.

Varahamihira's Division of Zodiac
Varahamihira developed his own system.
(i)Varahamihira wanted to integrate Rasi, Nakshatras, planets, ecliptic etc., in his system.
(ii)In order to integrate the whole system to make it the compendium of Hora Sastra, he addressed the discrepancies found in the work of Aryabhata, which otherwise well suited his own system.
(iii)He first connected the planets to the Nakshatras. But it was difficult for him to connect either the 7 or the 9 planets to 24 Nakshatras. Though he tried to connect the 9 planets to 24 Nakshatras, he noticed certain discrepancies. Leo sign as per Aryabhata's system included Phalguni and Hasta Nakshatras. Aries sign had Krittika and Rohini in it. If the Sun and the Moon were given the lordship of these Nakshatras respectively, then in Leo there was no Nakshatra to give the lordship of the Sun because if Phalguni was given the lordship of Venus, then in successive order the Nakshatra was missing to be given the lordship of the Sun.
(iv)Thus noticing the above discrepancy he divided Phalguni, Ashadha and Bhadrapada into two parts each. Thus he prepared a new series of 27 Nakshatras .
(v)In this new series, each sign contained 9 Padas of Nakshatras or 2 % Nakshatras with each Nakshatra being 13° 20' of arc.
(vi)He, then proceeded to assign the Nakshatras under the domain of planets.
(vii)The new system had 27° Precession instead of Aryabhata's 24°. The Equinox of Varahamihira moved 108° unlike 96° of Aryabhata.   

A comparision of the two systems is made in Table IV
S.noSystem DetailsAryabhataVarahamihira
1Total number of Nakshatras2427
2Number of Nakshatra padas in one sign89
3The movement of EquinoxCircularCircular
4Total number of years for one revolution by Equinox7472 years7200 years
5Maximum degrees traversed by Equinox24degrees27 degrees
6Time to traverse one quarter circle by Equinox1860 years1800 years
7One degree movement of Equinox(years)77.83 years66.66 years
8One year movement of Equinox48"54"
9Total number of Nakshatra padas in three padas or distance between point A to B2427
10Total number of Nakshatra Padas96108
11Total number of degrees to be traversed by Equinox in one rotation96 degrees108 degrees


Varahamihira connected the whole system to his system of astronomy.
Figure 2

a) He connected the Precession of the Equinoxes to epicycles on par with Aryabhata but with different values.
b)He most probably measured the Precession of planetary Nodes in the epicycle.
c)He connected divine years to human years in order to determine the planetary years for the purpose of the Vimshottari Dasa system.
d)In this new system the planetary lordship of Nakshatras was established.Since the Vernal Equinox was placed in Krittika then, the Hindu naming of months was recognized; therefore Krittika Nakshatra was given the lordship of the Sun followed by that of the Moon and then of the inner and outer planets in successive order. For example, the Vernal Equinox in Krittika was heralded as the beginning of the year (RigVeda considers Krittika to be the mouth of the year) as well as Krittika always rising in the East was assigned to be the Nakshatra of the Sun. The second Nakshatra after Krittika or Rohni was considered to be that of the Moon, the most enchanting heavenly body in ancient times. Mars the most illuminated red planet, being very close to the earth was given the next place or the lordship of Mrigasira. Then the intersection of the Moon's orbit with the Sun's orbit gave birth to the North Node or Rahu. The lordship of Aridra was given to Rahu and so on. The whole Nakshatra series with planetary lordships was arranged in three batches, each batch containing nine Nakshatras denoting 9 planets as shown in table 5.
SNoPlanetI Batch NakshatraII Batch NakshatraIII Batch Nakshatra
1SunKrittikaU. PhalguniUttrashada
2MoonRohiniHastaSravan
3marsMrigasiraChittaDhanista
4RahuAridraSwatiSatabhisha
5JupiterPunarvasuVisakkhaP.Bhadrapada
6SaturnPushyaAnuradhaV.Bhadrapada
7MercuryAsleshaJyeshtaRevati
8KetuMakhaMoolaAswini
9VenusP.PhalguniP.AshadaBharani

Courtesy : Modern Astrology(Courtesy: Dr. Arastu Prabhakar, MSc., MBA, Ph.D.)
Continue from :The Ingenious Vimshottari Dasa System - Part IA

September 11, 2017

The Ingenious Vimshottari Dasa System - Part IA

The Ingenious Vimshottari Dasa System Part IA

Origin in Surya Siddanta

The Hindu Zodiac is based on the ingeniousness of Varahamihira. It appears that later developments in Hora Sastra were totally borrowed from the work of Varahamihira as mentioned in the old Surya Siddhanta or the modern Surya Siddanta. Vimshottari Dasa is also one of them.

Some of the ancient textual premises on which the modern edifice of Indian astrology is built are:-
(i)The oldest division of the Zodiac.
(ii)The Aryabhata system of division of the Zodiac.
(iii)The Varahamihira system of division of the Zodiac.


Oldest Division of Zodiac
The ancient Zodiac was divided into 9 parts and each part consisted of 3 Nakshatras. The arc of each division was 40° 0'. And the Nakshatra series began from Dhanishta . And the rising point (Lagna) was fixed in terms of the Nakshatra and the rising Nakshatra was determined counting from Sravistha (Dhanista). The nine divisions of the ancient the Zodiac are shown in Table I.

Zodiacal Divisions
Table 1

This division is attributed to sage Satyacharya and was later employed as a predictive tool in Sarvatobhadra Chakra. Varahamihira too has mentioned the name of Satya in the Varaha Jataka (Brihat Jataka). This shows that sage Satyacharya was anterior to Varahamihira. The Hindus calculated all measurements in Tropical years. Let us see the genesis of the tropical Zodiac in the ancient treatise Vedanga Jyotisha of Sage Lagdha, also known as Magdha.

प्रपघेते श्रृविष्टादौ  सूर्याचंद्रमसावुदक |
सार्पघे दक्षिणार्कस्तु माघ श्रावणयोः ||
(Vedanga Yajur Jyotisha Sloka 7 )
The purport of this Sloka is that Winter Solstice begins at the beginning of Sravistha (Dhanista) and Summer Solstice in the middle of Aslesha in the months of Magha and Sravana respectively. This Sloka indicates the placement of the Solsticial colure in Aslesha and Dhanista Nakshatras coinciding with the beginning of Dakshinayana and Uttarayana respectively or more precisely Karka Kranti and Makara Kranti. However it is to be noted that the Sloka nowhere speaks about the entrance of the Sun into either Capricorn sign or Cancer sign as marking the beginning of the Winter Solstice or Summer Solstice. The Sloka presents the actual position of the beginning of the Solstice. This ancient Sloka shows the Hindu measurement of the auspicious day through the Tropical Zodiac.

According to Parasara Samhita
यघप्राप्तो वैष्णव मुदगमार्ग प्रपघते |
दक्षिणमाश्लेषम वा महाभयय इति ||

When the Sun having reached the end of Sravana in the northern path, he still advances or half of Aslesha in the southern, he still advances, it is a cause of great fear.

According to Vriddha Garga,
यदा निवर्ततते प्राप्तो 
धानेष्टामुत्तारणे |
अश्लेषम दक्षिण प्राप्तस्तदा 
विन्ध्याम्महृदयं  इति ||

When the Sun returns, not having reached Dhanista in the northern solstice, or not having reached Aslesha in the southern, then let a man feal great apprehension of danger.

In both Slokas, Parasara as well as Vriddha Garga seem to be confounded with the event which was giving quite contrary results. The Summer Solstice and Winter Solstice were determined with the help of the shadow of the Sun. At both the points of the Solstices, the Sun's shadow becomes zero and maximum respectively, which implies the beginning of the respective Ayana. The Sun's shadow used to become zero at the middle of Aslesha at the time of the Vedanga Jyotisha period, which was indicative of the beginning of the Ayana. After that, the Sun's shadow would increase day by day and reached its maximum length at the beginning of Dhanista Nakshatra or at the end of Sravana Nakshatra.

During the time of Parasara and Vridha Garga, these positions got changed. And they observed that the shadow of the Sun, which should become zero at the middle of Aslesha was still increasing. And the same phenomenon was also taking place at the beginning of Dhanista Nakshatra where it should have become maximum.

This clearly shows that in ancient times the Hindu Zodiac was Tropical, not Sidereal. Had the Hindu Zodiac been Sidereal, Parasara as well as Garga would have not written these Slokas and both would have been content with the entry of the Sun into Cancer sign as marking the beginning of the Summer Solstice. But both did not recognize the Sidereal entry of the Sun either into Cancer or Capricorn as the beginning of the respective Ayana.
                                                                                                                      to be continued....
Courtesy: Modern Astrology(Dr. Arastu Prabhakar, MSc., MBA, Ph.D.)

September 06, 2017

Rahu-Ketu Axis and Health Problems

Rahu-Ketu Axis and Health Problems

Common Knowledge
From time immemorial the effect of Rahu and Ketu has been known to man whenever the Moon or the Sun comes in conjunction with these shadowy planets. He has known that this conjunction known commonly as eclipse has an effect on digestion and pregnancy. A pregnant woman was forbidden from seeing an eclipse. All were supposed to fast until the eclipse ended.

Apart from these effects of Rahu and Ketu, the ancient Rishis have also attributed many diseases to these shadowy planets. For instance, Rahu produces phobias, stammering, chronic diseases like leprosy and tumors, serpent bites, abortions, child deaths etc., and to Ketu are attributed low blood pressure, accidents, phobias, worms, skin diseases etc.

Though the individual effects of these planets have been studied by various authors of the past and present, no exhaustive study of the effects on health of this axis in the natal chart has been made. This prompted me to collect horoscopes for such a study. I have studied the effects in all the 12 houses and I have also noted the findings of ancient Rishis and astrological seers of the past and present and I present this paper for the benefit of readers. The study is by no means exhaustive though I have made a sincere effort to focus the effect on as many aspects as possible.

Rahu Ketu in 1-7 Houses
Before touching on the effects on health it is necessary to study the mental make-up of the person and other environmental conditions that may affect health. Natives with this combination will have a peculiar nature and it will not be possible to easily gauge the person. One may suffer from an inferiority complex, fear of being neglected by near and dear ones and society; he also suffers some deformity, may be to a minor degree. One will have secret aspirations leading to frustration. With such a complex psyche, melancholia, depression, peptic ulcers, and even hysteria can develop in one. As this axis falls in the 1st and the 7th, the person is very passionate and suffers due to lack of sex gratification. One may be difficult to get along with because one is a silent-and-difficult-to-please type. If there is a full Kalasarpa Yoga in these houses, it becomes a very unfortunate condition and such people die in dire circumstances.
Susceptible Ages: 7th, 13th, 18th, 26th, 38th, 45th and 60th years.

• Rahu-Ketu in 2-8 Houses
The native of such a combination is a victim of circumstances leading to pecuniary troubles and involvement in accidents and may be bedridden for a long time. One may have stammering and suffer due to one's foul tongue and quick temper. One develops blood pressure and is disliked by his family members. At the age of 12 years he suffers from pox (chicken pox or measles) which leaves bad scars.

One will have an inferiority complex with regard to his sexual ability and is often cold and clammy to touch. One suffers from high fevers and aches which mostly remain undiagnosed. One has to spend a lot on health and as well as on one's dependents. This further causes nervous disorders and ultimately nervous breakdown. The effects are mitigated if there is an aspect of Jupiter to this axis, either on Rahu or Ketu. If there is complete Kalasarpa Yoga operating in these houses one ends up in an asyslum.
Susceptible Ages : 10th, 15th. 20th, 23rd. 42nd, 53rd and 59th years.

• Rahu-Ketu in 3-9 Houses
Those with this combination are often misunderstood by their own kith and kin and are accused of ulterior motives. One does care for one's health but is highly susceptible to criticism and suffers from blood pressure. One's own kith and-kin will cause trouble and even the father may disown such a person. One is fond of wandering and suffers often due to breakdown of vehicles as one owns rickety vehicles. One poses themselves as rich and powerful. If full Kalasarpa Yoga yoga operates, the end is sudden. 
Susceptible Ages : 11th, the 18th, 25th 31st, 40th, 47th, 50th and 60th years.

• Rahu-Ketu in 4-10 Houses
One with such a combination will suffer frequently from cough and cold and fever due to frequent tours and exhaustion. One also suffers much due to not taking advantage of circumstances and thus suffers mentally. One is quixotic in temperament; blowing hot and cold and succumbing ultimately to pressure. This trait makes one unpopular. One usually suffers from chronic diseases and fevers. I have found many with such a combination addicted to heavy smoking and developing bronchitis. If full Kalasarpa Yoga operates in these houses, they may die in poverty away from home.
Susceptible Ages : 3rd, 10th, 18th, 21st, 31st, 41st and 59th years.

Rahu-Ketu in 5-11 Houses
One with this combination is quick in temper and often regrets one's actions; this causes frequent bouts of high blood pressure. One suffers from phobias worrying too much about one's health, which in turn causes peptic ulcer, hyperacidity, indigestion, etc. One is peptic in temperament meaning one is angry and intolerable when hungry and after heavy meals, become docile. One is generous but one's quick temper spoils everything. One may be hair-splitting and a difficult mate. Generally the native suffers from gastric trouble, indigestion, dysentery etc. One is nevertheless lucky in many walks of life. Rahu in the 5th causes worry dye to frequent abortions. Such a person has "few children or may even be issueless. One tries to uplift oneself spiritually, but often fails in one's spiritual aspirations. If Kalasarpa Yoga is complete, one becomes destitute. Usually death is peaceful.
Susceptible Ages : 6 months, 1 1/2, 3rd, 18th, 20th, 30th, 40th and 60th years.

Rahu-Ketu in 6-12 Houses
One enjoys good health but is very particular as to what one should eat. Though keeping good health one will have phobia of bad health. One suffers from frequent headaches, specially migraine, eye and ear disease. One also suffers from mictural troubles. Success comes easily but there will always be opposition. Though bold, one often succumbs to threats. One becomes highly corrupt and suffers consequently. If full Kalasarpa Yoga prevails, one's often ends up with quarrels and separation from family.
Susceptible Ages : 5th, 10th, 13th, 20th, 29th, 35th, 41st, 49th, 53rd and 60th years.

• Rahu-Ketu in 7-1 Houses
Though this is the opposite of the first combination it does not mean that the effects will also be the opposite.
A native of such a horoscope is a wanderer. Superficial in one's work and careless, one often revolts against authorities. One is easy going and does not care much even for one's own welfare. One however takes extra care of one's health, but often gets into minor accidents and suffers broken bones. One is quixotic in teamperment and difficult to get on with and makes a bad boss and bad subordinate. One suffers much in the services of others. If complete Kalasarpa Yoga is present, one is prone to bad accidents and may end up in a rehabilitation home.
Susceptible Ages : 11th month, the 3rd, 8th, 18th, 25th, 30th, 37th, 42nd, 49th, 50th and 60th years.

• Rahu-Ketu in 8-2 Houses
One with such a combination suffers from frequent attacks of abdominal diseases. One is always sad and often pedantic in outlook. One suffers mainly from want of money and tact. There will be constant friction at home causing unhappiness. Such a native may even take to debauchery and suffer from venereal disease. If incomplete Kalasarpa Yoga, one suffers from heart disease and diseases of the aoerta and becomes as invalid for life.
Susceptible Ages : 12th, 18th, 24th, 30th, 40th, 46th, 51st and 58th years.

Rahu-Ketu in 9-3 Houses
A native of this combination often puts up false appearance. One is found to be religious outwardly but at heart shuns own religion. One may suffer Guru-dvesha or even a curse of the Guru. One's brothers and sisters are inimical to one; one often causes mental injuries to others by one's rash action and then suffers mentally; one is prone to epidemic disease like cholera, plague, etc as also high blood pressure and paralysis. One becomes an invalid for life if there is complete Kalasarpa Yoga.
Susceptible Ages: 4th, 10th, 18th, 22nd, 28th, 32nd, 40th, 48th, 55th and 60th years.

• Rahu-Ketu in 10-4 Houses
A native of such a combination generally prospers outside one's country but is always on the move. One suffers from indigestion and cannot enjoy a good meal. One is often subject to epileptic fits. One's fault being mainly a suspicious nature, one suffers loss of friends. One may be attacked by burglars and suffer broken bones. One suffers from exhaustion. With complete Kalasarpa Yoga, there is danger of heart failure. It may be sudden or chronic due to congestive failure.
Susceptible Ages : 1st, 5th, 13th, 19th, 25th, 35th, 40th and 50th years.

• Rahu-Ketu in 11-5 Houses
There will be disease in the legs and hands, mostly fungal; such a native is often dirty in habits and does not care much for personal cleanliness. One suffers from frequent headaches and indigestion and is prone to diarrhoea and dysentery. One worries much from small losses and generally is very stingy and suffers therefore. Though having means to enjoy, one does not enjoy life. One is lazy and if complete Kalasarpa Yoga is present, ends up in jail.
Susceptible Ages : 2nd, 6th, 10th, 18th, 24th, 32nd, 38th, 44th, 50th and 58th years.

• Rahu-Ketu in 12-6 Houses
Such a combination often uproots one from the hearth and home in quest of opportunities. One may shine in many fields but is often unreliable and makes more enemies than friends. One suffers from boils, ulcers and diabetes. Though active, one's activity has to be adjusted according to health. Usually a chronic sufferer, one maintains a cheerful outlook on life."One suffers from insect bites, malaria or filaria in some cases. If complete Kalasarpa Yoga is present, he suffers from liver diseases due to drinking and dies after much suffering.
Susceptible Ages: 3rd, 8th, 13th, 19th, 33rd, 40th, 48th, 58th and 62nd years.

The effects of the Rahu-Ketu axis described here are not exhaustive. Individually Rahu and Ketu cause certain diseases in certain houses. The susceptible age for the effect of the Rahu- Ketu axis is worked out on case histories and it cannot be treated as infallible. The age mentioned is only sensitive to the effects, but actual suffering may be mitigated or nullified, if there is an aspect of Jupiter on Rahu, Ketu or the Ascendant. Though articles on Kalasarpa Yoga Yoga have appeared in these pages, I have mentioned this Yoga only in relation to diseases and death.

Courtesy: Modern Astrology(Dr. Jagannath Rao, MBBS)

August 30, 2017

How Jupiter's Transit in Libra Affects You?

How Jupiter's Transit in Libra Affects You?

Jupiter, the planet of magnification, expansion, and spirituality will be moving into the sign of Libra by September. Jupiter is known as the most auspicious planet in astrology and it is a natural benefic. Wherever it is placed or moves it will bring the best part of that house and sign. 

Libra is the 7th sign in the natural zodiac wheel and it represents unity in the relationships, love, marriage, business contracts and open enemies. This sign is ruled by Venus. When Jupiter starts its plight through Libra, universally there will be a lot of focus on personal and professional relationships. All over the world, there will be a greater focus on the interpersonal relationships. The focus will be in bringing unity and peace for all. 

In the coming days, people will be interested in business liaisons. More contracts and agreements can also come up. 

Aries will see that their 7th house personal and professional sector got much focus. Most of the Aries people will start new relationships in the personal and professional domain

Taurus will see that their 6th house of health, work, liabilities and colleagues is activated. Their focus will be in work, health and debts. This is a good time to bring magnification into your work sector. 

Geminis will have an activated 5th house of romance, entertainment, fun, children, youth groups, creativity, self-promotion and speculative business. Opportunities for new romance and own ventures also will come up.

Cancerians will have a good time with their family as their 4th house of home, family, ancestors, parents and ancestral property will get activated. Real estate deals, renovation or family functions can come up.

Leos will have an activated 3rd house of short trips, short courses, training, siblings, media, technology, electronics, and writing. They may be busy in communications and work from the communication sector. They may even buy new electronic equipment. 

Virgos will have an activated 2nd house of money, self-worth, family, speech and material assets. They may think about doing a new course. They have to be very frugal. Money shortage can come in. 

Librans will be very happy as this planet will be grazing through the 1st house of self, perspective, ambitions, physical body, and personality. They will spend time in over optimism, so please try to be realistic. Opportunities for marriage or a new relationship can come in. 

Scorpios will see that their subconscious mind is highly active as Jupiter is moving through the 12th house of hidden fears, emotions, psyche, isolation, seclusion, long distance travels spirituality and charity. You will have to take care of your health and happiness. This is a good time to deal with your emotional issues. 

Sagittarius will have new friends or they will join new long-term projects as Jupiter will trigger the 11th house of friendships, collective projects, long-term associations, children, youth groups, hopes, wishes, and gains. You may even work with children and youth groups. Visible changes in the group settings are seen. 

Capricorns will be forced to work hard as Jupiter will be in their 10th house. This is not a great place for them as Jupiter loses its strength as the 10th house is a negative house for Jupiter. The 10th house represents career, social status, bosses, authority, and ambitions. So, you are requested to be more responsible in the social front. 

Aquarians will get new opportunities to travel long distances as their 9th house of foreign travels, foreign relations, higher studies, teaching, publishing, spirituality, and philosophy will be triggered by Jupiter. You may study a new skill. Interest towards spirituality and charity also will come up.

Pisces will be benefited by some loans and financial aid. At the same time, they can expect financial struggles and emotional issues as Jupiter is triggering the 8th house of sex, crisis, investments, finances, taxes, insurances, partnerships and loans. So, please don’t let any burdens suffocate you. 

August 28, 2017

Study of Divisional Charts

Study of Divisional Charts

The importance of divisional charts has been increased than ever during these days. More and more astrologers are researching the possibilities of the divisional charts. Even if, it is a complicated subject they give amazing information about our lives. As a practicing astrologer, what have seen is reading divisional chart helps you to pinpoint the issues and events of the native’s life. It adds more value to the Rasi and Navamsa chart. 

The main problem while reading the divisional chart is lack of accurate birth timing. Divisional chart changes fast, so its lagna and other planetary positions also will change if the birth time is not accurate. As my teacher said, he had only found one accurate birth timing because the native’s father was a doctor who was present in the labour room during the delivery. According to my experience, we will get a lot of insights from the sign placements too.

Chart


These are the divisional charts used in the Parashara system of astrology. The Rasi chart is the main chart and we have to connect everything in divisional chart with the main chart. 

Suppose, the Jupiter is in Mool Trikona in main chart and in Dasamsa chart, it is debilitated. Dasamsa or D-10 chart is the chart for career. When you see debilitated Jupiter in Dasamsa, you should understand that at workplace people will fear him and he may be a bad boss. 

In D-10 chart, we should see how your 10th house is placed. The condition of the 10th lord will be very important. In any chart and every chart the Kendra houses are the crucial ones. If the Kendra houses are with good planets, then the condition of career will be good. The analysis of Rashi chart will give you the inputs about the career and D-10 will show how your career will be progressing. If the Kendra houses are good, then there will be benefit from career.  At the same time, what are the benefic planets that vary according to each lagna. So for full analysis of career we have to check from the lagna, the Sun and the Moon and the 10th house of the lagna. The Sun and the Moon in main chart, navamsa and D-10 reveals a lot of secrets about your career.

Other divisional charts should be examined like this. If you don’t have your accurate time of birth, follow the signs. Study the chart from the Sun sign and the Moon sign. And count and analyse the 10th house from the Sun and the Moon.

August 21, 2017

Nakshatramsa for Personality Clues

Nakshatramsa for Personality Clues

Divisional Charts
The classic Brihat Parasara Hora Sastra provides useful hints to an important question that should trouble astrologers with rational thinking - "Why are there so many twins in this world who have the same Rasi chart and possibly the same Navamsa chart, but significantly different lives".

Parasara has defined divisional charts and expounded the matters to be seen from each divisional chart, right after he defines the nature of planets and the nature of signs and before he elucidates the results of various houses.

It indicates that Parasara considers the divisional charts to be as basic an ingredient in the scheme of Jyotisha as the planets, signs and houses. It is evident that he considers these four to be the four dimensions of Jyotisha.

After stating that education may be seen in the Chaturvimsamsa chart and that vehicles may be studied-from the Shodasamsa, for example, Parasara indicates that the 4th house stands for education and vehicles. It seems logical to think that he means that the 4th house in Chaturvimsamsa stands for education and learning and the 4th house in Shodasamsa stands for vehicles. Unless Parasara had meant houses and divisional charts to be two separate dimensions, he would not have assigned the same matter to a house and to a divisional chart. This suggests that he considered the 4th houses in various divisional charts, for example, to be the variations of the same house. When he says "4th house" in the rest of the discourse, he could have meant any variation, i.e., 4th house in any divisional chart, with the correct variation inferred from the nature of the matter at hand and the divisional chart relevant to that matter.

Another factor favouring the above notion is that he has defined divisional charts while replying to Maitreya's query:

Srutaa graha gunaastwattastathaa 
raasi gunaana mune 
Srotumichchhaami bhaavanaam 
bhedaanstaan kripayaa vada

 O Sage! I have heard from you the nature of planets and the nature of signs. I want to hear about the different kinds of houses. Kindly explain them to me.

By answering the question on the "variations of houses" with the definition of 16 divisional charts, Parasara may have implied that the houses in the 16 divisional charts are the different kinds of houses. For example: There are 16 different 4th houses - (1) 4th house in Rasi (2) 4th house in Navamsa (3) 4th house in Dasamsa etc. When Parasara says "4th house" in the rest of the discourse, he would not have to clarify which variation he meant, for he has listed the matters to be judged from various divisional charts prior to listing the results of houses.

Once it is accepted that each divisional chart has its own houses and it should be analysed for insight into certain matters, new avenues are opened for astrological analysis. Astrology can then attempt to address the "twins question" in a systematic manner. For example, this scribe came across the charts of twin brothers of whom the elder one was brilliant at studies and the younger one was a mediocre student. Though both have the same Rasi chart, they have different Ascendants in the Chaturvimsamsa. the chart for education. In the Chaturvimsamsa. the elder one has Ascendant lord Venus is a trine in Gemini, a Mercurian sign, with Mercury situated in the 5th, aspected by the 5th lord, while the younger one has both the Ascendent lord and the 5th lord, debilitated. Moreover, the elder one has the Moon and Jupiter in the 4th, aspected by Mars and he studied commerce and accounting. The younger one was good at mathematics despite poor marks in all other subjects and he has Mercury in the 4th. Thus analyzing the relevant divisional chart offers a finer insight than studying the Rasi chart alone and the former approach can offer convincing explanation in the case of twins with significantly different lives. 

Each planet represents various forces in action in each human experience. Each Rasi represents various fundamental angles of human experience and action. Each house represents various matters of relevance in human beings. Each divisional chart represents various matters focused on a particular sphere of human experience (e.g., fortune and assets, parents, learning and intellect, children, siblings etc.) These four dimensions together uniquely represent human life. Of the various matters attributed to each house, matters relevant to the sphere of human experience represented by the divisional chart under study have to be considered. For example the 6th in Navamsa may represent quarrels in marital life, the 6th house in Chaturtamsa may represent litigation involving property and the 6th in Dasamsa may represent rivals in profession.

2. Computaion of Nakshatramsas
Divisional charts like the Saptama, Dasamsa and  Dwadasamsa are widely employed by contemporary astrological savants but some higher divisional charts seem to be rarely utilised. Nakshatramsa chart is one such chart.
Nakshatramsa is also called Bhamsa or Saptavimsamsa. Each rasi is divided into 27 equal parts and Nakhathramsa corresponding to these 27 parts extend from Aries , cancer, Libra or Capricorn depending on whether the rasi is fiery, earthy, airy, watery sign respectively.

Nor example, let us suppose that a planet (or Ascendant) is at 22 degree 7minutes Aquarius . Aquarius is an airy sign and so we must start counting from Libra. Each nakshatramsa is 30/27 degrees and hence the 20th Nakshatramsa extends from 21degree 6min 67sec to 22degree 13min 33sec. Counting the 20th house from Libra, we get Taurus. I shall refer to the Nakshatramsa chart as D-27 henceforth.

3. Significations of Nakshatramsa
Purasara has said,
Bhaamse chaiva balaabalam
One's strengths and weaknesses should be judged from D-27.

A question that usually strikes the curious readers could be regarding the accuracy of the data used. Higher divisional charts are very sensitive to birth-time errors. The Ascendant in D-27 changes sign once every 4.44 minutes, on the average. So we cannot be confident that the Ascendant evaluated using the reported birth-time is always correct.

I have considered Kalachakra Dasa, which typically changes by 3 months if birth-time changes by 1 minute. Using it along with Yogini Dasa (See (1), (6) and (7) and Vimshottari Dasa (See 1) with several divisional charts, I was able to rectify reported birth-times finely, based on known events.

The consistent theme found in these studies is that D-27 highlights the salient features of one's nature and offers insights into one's personality, inherent strengths and weaknesses. It is a better indicator than even the Rasi chart, when it comes to studying one's ' inherent nature and tendencies.

4. Analysis of Nakshatramsa
D-27 should be analysed just like the Rasi chart. Each Rasi is a house. Houses can be counted from the Ascendent or the Moon or the Ghati Lagna. Concepts like planetary aspects, sign aspects, Yogas and Argalas etc., work just like in the Rasi chart. However, the sphere of human experience represented by this chart is one's inherent nature and of all the meanings of various houses, meanings consistent with this should be considered. For example, the 9th house does not stand for father or fortune in foreign lands or teacher or the 3rd child or wife's younger brother. It rather stands for generosity (Datrittwa).

We should judge the interactions between planets, Rasis and houses in D-27 just like in the Rasi chart. If the 7th lord is in the 6th aspected by Mars for example, it may suggest lack of diplomacy and tendency to get involved in quarrels. If the Ascendant lord is exalted with the Moon and Jupiter in the 4th, it may suggest an excellent level pf peace of mind.

To give a real-life example, Albert Gore Jr4., a past Vice President of the USA, has the Ascendant and Mars in Scorpio and the Sun in the 7th in D-27. Ruchaka Yoga in Scorpio may have made him aggressive, ambitious, somewhat secretive and always pursuing loftier goals. It may have even given him some kind of aloofness5. The sign crucial to his pro-active and enterprising nature Scorpio has the 5th house and Yogakaraka Mars in Dasama and thus his pro-active nature has been put to good use in his career.

Just as the links between various houses are analysed, the links between various divisional charts may also be analysed. Planets and signs act as links between charts and house. For example, a native has an afflicted Sun in D-27 in Pisces which indicates some egotism. He has the 6th house in Pisces in Dasamsa. the chart of profession. He is very nice to others, but he is very egoistic and arrogant when dealing with his professional rivals.

If there are signs'or planets that show strong influences that are not consistent with the overall theme of the rest of the chart, corresponding changes in attitude may be observed during the Dasas of those planets and signs. Especially potent are Dasas pertaining to benefic planets that are particularly afflicted and the Nodes. It is observed that Kalachakra Dasa gives the best results.

Chart 1: Born November, 1970 at 16 h.06 m (IST) respectively at 30 N 44, 76 E 53
Chart 1 & 2

5. Practical Illustrations
Twins-Satyam and Shivam:
Facts: Satyam is very optimistic and has a jovial and amicable disposition. Shivam, on the other hand, is somber and serious. He is a skeptic and has little belief in astrology and such other disciplines. 

Satyam : Chart 1 gives D-27. It must be noted that Satyam's D-27 has Ascendant lord Mercury in the Ascendant, causing a powerful Bhadra Yoga. Mercury is in Jupiter's Nakshatra. and in a Venusian sign in the Rasi chart and unafflicted in D-27. Thus Bhadra Yoga is powerfully operative in his D-27. This can bless him with optimism and a jovial and amicable disposition. The Moolatrikona is also indicative of such attitudes. Venus also occupies a constellation of Jupiter. The Moon has Neechabhanga. Mercury's strong influence can cause him to be always happy, helpful to relatives and respect tradition. With the 7th lord in D-27 Jupiter, being in own constellation and Venusian sign, both in Rasi and D-27, he is diplomatic and compassionate.

Shivam: On the other hand, the Ascendant in Shivam's D-27 is Cancer and the Ascendant lord is debilitated, aspected by the 6th lord. The lord of the 5th and the dispositor of the Ascendant lord, Mars is afflicted by Ketu and he is in mutual aspect with the 7th and 8th lord Saturn. This suggests a serious person in whom a curious mixture of gloom and anger resides. The situation of the 8th lord Saturn and Rahu in the 9th in an aspect with the 5th lord indicates skepticism and it makes sense that he does not believe in astrology. With the 7th lord in D-27, Saturn, being with Rahu aspected by Mars, he may be brash and lack the diplomacy of Satyam.

An Indian Engineer in the USA
Facts: The native of Chart 2 is extremely generous, righteous and noble. He is a dynamic person and comes across as an intellectual. He is diplomatic, but when under pressure, he can turn a little harsh. He turned somewhat pessimistic and angry later on in life, when he experienced very harsh events and those he trusted deceived him and nearly destroyed his life.

Chart 2 gives his D-27. The Ascendant in Aries suggests dynamism. Mercury, the 3rd lord, is in the Ascendant. The lord of the 9th and 12th Jupiter is exalted in a quadrant without any afflictions, giving rise to a powerful Hamsa Yoga and causing Argala on the Ascendant (See 3). So he is very generous, compassionate, righteous and noble, with the 7th house falling in Libra and with a diplomatic nature. However, with the 6th lord occupying the Ascendant in a fiery sign, with Rahu occupying the 2nd and with the 7th lord Venus joining Mars in a Saturnine sign, with Argala from Saturn and Rahu, he is capable of acting in a brazen manner at times. The Sun in the 6th aspected by Saturn suggests proneness to quarrels with authorities. The 2nd house stands for one's manners. It is Taurus here and it is occupied by Rahu, who also causes Argala to its lord Venus in Aquarius. The 6th house Virgo has the Sun in it and Saturn aspecting it and its lord is in the Ascendant. The said change in his behavior took place during the Bhukti of Virgo in the Dasa of Taurus as per Kalachakra Dasa. Rahu's Yogini Dasa was running then. The correlations here are interesting.

Bill Clinton
Chart 4: Bill Clinton: Born August 19, 1946 at 8 h. 53 m (6 hours behind GST) at 33 N 40, 93 W 46.
Chart 3&4

Facts: Clinton comes across as a smart and intelligent person. He is charming and ambitious. He recently "repented" for the "sin" of "misleading" and "letting down" his nation and family on a scandal.

There is a Yoga called Asatyavadi Yoga that comes into effect when the 5th lord is in a sign owned by Mars of Saturn. If primarily Mercury and secondarily, the Ascendant lord and the Moon also occupy such signs, the indications become more intense. Chart 3 may be found to satisfy these criteria. The situation of the Ascendant lord in a Saturnine sign and mutual aspect between Mars in the Ascendant and Saturn may indicate selfishness and aggression.

Despite the 5th lord in a Dustana, aspected by Saturn, and the situation of Ketu in the 5th, Jupiter in the 5th acts as a stabilizing factor as far as emotional stability is concerned.

The 7th lord Jupiter in Libra with an aspect from the 2nd lord Moon suggests diplomatic knack. Venus in Scorpio in the 6th may give him susceptibility to sexual scandals. Interestingly, be was running the Bhukti of Scorpio in 1999 as per Kalachakra Dasa.

An Egoist
Facts: The native is well-known for his achievements in some circles. He lacks diplomacy and he is highly egoistic and self-centered in his social behaviour. But he is religiously inclined.

Chart 4 gives his D-27. The Ascendant contains the Sun who is afflicted by Ketu, Jupiter's aspect is a saving grace, but Jupiter is a functional malefic. The affliction to the Sun in the Ascendant may make him an egoistic person. Mars is the 12th lord and he is debilitated. So the native lacks humility. The debilitation of the 7th lord and situation of the 8th lord and Rahu in the 7th indicate harsh behaviour and lack of diplomacy. The Moon in a fiery sign, affliction of the 4th lord Sun by Ketu and affliction of the Moon's dispositor by Rahu in the 12th house from the Moon indicate mental peace may be lacking to a large degree.

On the positive side, the Ascendant lord Venus, Yogakaraka Saturn and the 2nd and 5th lord Mercury in the 9th house form an array of brilliant Yogas. The 10th house falls in the Moolatrikona of the strongest planet in this Yoga, Saturn, and this has paved the way for his good social standing. This Yoga has also blessed him with religious piety, despite the drawbacks of ego.

6. Conclusion
I believe that Parasara considered divisional charts to be as basic an ingredient in the scheme of Jyotisha as are planets, signs and houses. Nakshatramsa, which is not widely employed by contemporary astrologers has been found to shed light on one's nature, attitude, inherent strengths and weaknesses. Some examples substantiating these observations been presented in this paper. It is hoped learned readers will develop further on these findings and use them for the betterment of the world. 

Courtesy: Modern Astrology(P.V.R. Narasimha Rao)
 
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